Modern Dictatorships and the One-Party Period Political System in Turkey (POLS 392)

2023 Fall
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Political Science(POLS)
Cemil Hüsnü Koçak,
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SPS101 SPS102
Formal lecture,Interactive lecture
Interactive,Learner centered,Communicative,Discussion based learning,Simulation
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This course offers an in-depth study of the one-party period and political system in Turkey, placing it in its historical and political context, and introducing primary source materials. Contrasting political alignments had already emerged in the course of the War of Independence; their extensions and ramifications are pursued through the phase immediately preceding the creation of the Republic, down to the end of the Kemalist-dominated early Republican era. The political, cultural, economic and foreign policy dimensions of this entire period are viewed as a whole, though with specific emphasis on its political organizations. The experience of 20th century dictatorships like Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany, or Spain under Franco are drawn upon in constructing a broad comparative framework.


Comparative study of the Turkish one-party period and political system using primary source materials and within their historical and political contexts. Starting with the political situation and separations involved within the period of the War of Independence, that period?s impact on the period prior to the building of the Republic, until the end of the early Republican period, will be studied.

This will include a comprehensive view of that whole period?s political, cultural, economical, foreign policy-related situation, in particular focusing on political organizations.

Meanwhile, taking into account the experiences of the dictatorships of the 20th centruy (such as Bolshevik Russia, Nazi Germany, fascist İtalia and Franco?s Spain, Portugal) comparative framework will be drawn.


  • Student should know after the course about European history between two world war; political, economical, cultural, diplomatical and military developments; then historical approch about Turkey's one-party system (1925-1945) and then comparative approach between all historical exampels in Europe.


1. Understand the world, their country, their society, as well as themselves and have awareness of ethical problems, social rights, values and responsibility to the self and to others. 5

2. Understand different disciplines from natural and social sciences to mathematics and art, and develop interdisciplinary approaches in thinking and practice. 1

3. Think critically, follow innovations and developments in science and technology, demonstrate personal and organizational entrepreneurship and engage in life-long learning in various subjects; have the ability to continue to educate him/herself. 5

4. Communicate effectively in Turkish and English by oral, written, graphical and technological means. 1

5. Take individual and team responsibility, function effectively and respectively as an individual and a member or a leader of a team; and have the skills to work effectively in multi-disciplinary teams. 3

1. Develop knowledge of theories, concepts, and research methods in humanities and social sciences. 5

2. Assess how global, national and regional developments affect society. 5

3. Know how to access and evaluate data from various sources of information. 5

1. Understand and follow changes in patterns of political behavior, ideas and structures. 5

2. Develop the ability to make logical inferences about social and political issues on the basis of comparative and historical knowledge. 5


  Percentage (%)
Final 50
Term-Paper 30
Participation 20



Stepheh J. Lee, European Dictatorships 1918-1945 (Routledge)
Mete Tunçay, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti'nde Tek Parti Yönetiminin Kurulması (1923-1931)