Antennas and Propagation for Wireless Communication (EE 406)

2023 Spring
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Electronics Engineering(EE)
8/6 ECTS (for students admitted in the 2013-14 Academic Year or following years)
─░brahim Tekin,
Click here to view.
EE301 TE305
Formal lecture,Laboratory
Interactive,Communicative,Project based learning
Click here to view.


Dipoles, loops, reflectors, Yagis, helices, slots, horns, microstrips. Antennas as transitions between guided and free radiation, ultrasound analogue. Pattern measurements. Radar equations. Feeds, matching, baluns. Broadbanding. Arrays, aperture synthesis, interferometry, very-long- baseline interferometry. Thermal radiation, antenna temperature, microwave passive remote sensing.


To introduce fundamental concepts of antennas and wave propagation, which provide a foundation for further study in Antenna/Electromagnetics area.

To introduce antenna/EM systems using hands-on laboratory projects/experiments.


  • Students will learn fundamental parameters of the antennas such as Radiation pattern, beamwidth, gain, directivity, efficiency. Students will learn basic linear wire antennas: small dipole, half-wavelength dipole, loop antennas.
  • Students will learn Array antennas: Linear, Planar, Circular arrays, Resonant antennas, wires and patches, Broadband antennas, helical, biconical antennas, sleeve monopole.
  • Students will design and implement simple antennas using printed circuit board technology; get expertise on antenna and microwave propagation measurements.
  • Students will use Microwave/antenna laboratory equipments, RF Network analyzer, RF signal generator, RF Spectrum analyzer correctly and safely, to make antenna impedance and radiation pattern measurements; record and interpret the results of measurements/laboratory experiments; use electromagnetic simulation software for the solution of antenna systems.
  • Students will learn about basic propagation mechanisms: reflection and diffraction


1. Understand the world, their country, their society, as well as themselves and have awareness of ethical problems, social rights, values and responsibility to the self and to others. 2

2. Understand different disciplines from natural and social sciences to mathematics and art, and develop interdisciplinary approaches in thinking and practice. 2

3. Think critically, follow innovations and developments in science and technology, demonstrate personal and organizational entrepreneurship and engage in life-long learning in various subjects; have the ability to continue to educate him/herself. 2

4. Communicate effectively in Turkish and English by oral, written, graphical and technological means. 2

5. Take individual and team responsibility, function effectively and respectively as an individual and a member or a leader of a team; and have the skills to work effectively in multi-disciplinary teams. 2

1. Possess sufficient knowledge of mathematics, science and program-specific engineering topics; use theoretical and applied knowledge of these areas in complex engineering problems. 3

2. Identify, define, formulate and solve complex engineering problems; choose and apply suitable analysis and modeling methods for this purpose. 4

3. Develop, choose and use modern techniques and tools that are needed for analysis and solution of complex problems faced in engineering applications; possess knowledge of standards used in engineering applications; use information technologies effectively. 3

4. Have the ability to design a complex system, process, instrument or a product under realistic constraints and conditions, with the goal of fulfilling specified needs; apply modern design techniques for this purpose. 3

5. Design and conduct experiments, collect data, analyze and interpret the results to investigate complex engineering problems or program-specific research areas. 4

6. Possess knowledge of business practices such as project management, risk management and change management; awareness on innovation; knowledge of sustainable development. 2

7. Possess knowledge of impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental, health and societal context; knowledge of contemporary issues; awareness on legal outcomes of engineering solutions; knowledge of behavior according to ethical principles, understanding of professional and ethical responsibility. 2

8. Have the ability to write effective reports and comprehend written reports, prepare design and production reports, make effective presentations, and give and receive clear and intelligible instructions. 3

1. Use mathematics (including derivative and integral calculations, probability and statistics, differential equations, linear algebra, complex variables and discrete mathematics), basic sciences, computer and programming, and electronics engineering knowledge to (a) Design and analyze complex electronic circuits, instruments, software and electronics systems with hardware/software or (b) Design and analyze communication networks and systems, signal processing algorithms or software 5

1. Applying fundamental and advanced knowledge of natural sciences as well as engineering principles to develop and design new materials and establish the relation between internal structure and physical properties using experimental, computational and theoretical tools. 1

2. Merging the existing knowledge on physical properties, design limits and fabrication methods in materials selection for a particular application or to resolve material performance related problems. 1

3. Predicting and understanding the behavior of a material under use in a specific environment knowing the internal structure or vice versa. 1

1. Familiarity with concepts in statistics and optimization, knowledge in basic differential and integral calculus, linear algebra, differential equations, complex variables, multi-variable calculus, as well as physics and computer science, and ability to use this knowledge in modeling, design and analysis of complex dynamical systems containing hardware and software components. 1

2. Ability to work in design, implementation and integration of engineering applications, such as electronic, mechanical, electromechanical, control and computer systems that contain software and hardware components, including sensors, actuators and controllers. 1


  Percentage (%)
Final 35
Midterm 25
Group Project 25
Homework 15



Antenna Theory and Design, Warren Stutzman and Gary Thiele, 2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons.


Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design, C.A. Balanis, 3rd Edition, John Wiley & Sons.