Analytical Techniques (BIO 335)

2022 Spring
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Zaeema Khan,
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Formal lecture,Interactive lecture,Laboratory
Interactive,Learner centered,Communicative,Discussion based learning,Task based learning,Case Study
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A general introduction to basic techniques used in characterization and separation of biological systems and molecules. Topics include microscopy, centrifugation, liquid chromatography methods, spectroscopy and electrophoresis. Lab sessions will give a chance to use these techniques individually.


To teach students the basic concepts of bioanalytical techniques in both, theory and practice, which are relevant to biologists and bioengineers but also students from different fields.


  • Upon completion of the course, students will have a general knowledge of basic laboratory techniques for characterization and separation of biological systems and molecules. Students would be able to perform basic laboratory techniques.
  • Module 1 Microscopy: Students will have a deeper understanding of both, theory and application in the following topics: Basic Concepts in Microscopy Light microscopy Fluorescence microscopy Confocal Microscopy Live-cell imaging and Sensor techniques
  • Module 2 Electrophoresis Techniques: Students will learn how to use Gel electrophoresis techniques for analysis of nucleic acids and proteins for both, diagnostic purposes and preparative purposes, which includes: Basic Concepts in Electrophoresis Horizontal and Vertical Electrophoresis 2D Gel Electrophoresis and Protein Detection Methods Electrophoresis of Nucleic Acids
  • Module 3 Centrifugation Techniques: Basic Concepts of Centrifugation Techniques Types of Centrifuges and analytical ultracentrifugation techniques Separation methods and preparative ultracentrifuges Types of rotors
  • Module 4 Spectroscopic Techniques: Introduction and basic concepts of Spectroscopic Techniques UV-VIS Spectroscopy Infrared and fluorescence spectroscopy Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy NMR Spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography Atomic Spectroscopy and Mass spectroscopy
  • Module 5 PCR Techniques: Principles of Polymerase Chain reaction Preparative and Diagnostic PCR DNA Sequencing methods Sanger Sequencing, Next Generation Sequencing Methods
  • Module 6 Chromatography and Mass spectrometry: Basic Principles of Chromatography Thin layer chromatography Liquid Chromatography Gas Chromatography Principles of MALDI-TOF Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry


1. Understand the world, their country, their society, as well as themselves and have awareness of ethical problems, social rights, values and responsibility to the self and to others. 2

2. Understand different disciplines from natural and social sciences to mathematics and art, and develop interdisciplinary approaches in thinking and practice. 5

3. Think critically, follow innovations and developments in science and technology, demonstrate personal and organizational entrepreneurship and engage in life-long learning in various subjects; have the ability to continue to educate him/herself. 3

4. Communicate effectively in Turkish and English by oral, written, graphical and technological means. 3

5. Take individual and team responsibility, function effectively and respectively as an individual and a member or a leader of a team; and have the skills to work effectively in multi-disciplinary teams. 3

1. Possess sufficient knowledge of mathematics, science and program-specific engineering topics; use theoretical and applied knowledge of these areas in complex engineering problems. 3

2. Identify, define, formulate and solve complex engineering problems; choose and apply suitable analysis and modeling methods for this purpose. 2

3. Develop, choose and use modern techniques and tools that are needed for analysis and solution of complex problems faced in engineering applications; possess knowledge of standards used in engineering applications; use information technologies effectively. 3

4. Have the ability to design a complex system, process, instrument or a product under realistic constraints and conditions, with the goal of fulfilling specified needs; apply modern design techniques for this purpose. 1

5. Design and conduct experiments, collect data, analyze and interpret the results to investigate complex engineering problems or program-specific research areas. 5

6. Possess knowledge of business practices such as project management, risk management and change management; awareness on innovation; knowledge of sustainable development. 1

7. Possess knowledge of impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental, health and societal context; knowledge of contemporary issues; awareness on legal outcomes of engineering solutions; knowledge of behavior according to ethical principles, understanding of professional and ethical responsibility. 2

8. Have the ability to write effective reports and comprehend written reports, prepare design and production reports, make effective presentations, and give and receive clear and intelligible instructions. 1

1. Comprehend key concepts in biology and physiology, with emphasis on molecular genetics, biochemistry and molecular and cell biology as well as advanced mathematics and statistics. 4

2. Develop conceptual background for interfacing of biology with engineering for a professional awareness of contemporary biological research questions and the experimental and theoretical methods used to address them. 4

1. Use mathematics (including derivative and integral calculations, probability and statistics, differential equations, linear algebra, complex variables and discrete mathematics), basic sciences, computer and programming, and electronics engineering knowledge to (a) Design and analyze complex electronic circuits, instruments, software and electronics systems with hardware/software or (b) Design and analyze communication networks and systems, signal processing algorithms or software 2

1. Applying fundamental and advanced knowledge of natural sciences as well as engineering principles to develop and design new materials and establish the relation between internal structure and physical properties using experimental, computational and theoretical tools. 2

2. Merging the existing knowledge on physical properties, design limits and fabrication methods in materials selection for a particular application or to resolve material performance related problems. 1

3. Predicting and understanding the behavior of a material under use in a specific environment knowing the internal structure or vice versa. 1


  Percentage (%)
Final 40
Midterm 15
Quiz 0
Group Project 15
Written Report 30



Bioanalytics: Analytical Methods and Concepts in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Friedrich Lottspeich (Editor), Joachim W. Engels (Editor)
ISBN: 978-3-527-33919-8


Course slides updated annually.