Issues in the Gender History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey (HIST 524)

2022 Fall
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
History(HIST)
3
10
Selçuk Akşin Somel somel@sabanciuniv.edu,
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English
Doctoral, Master
--
Formal lecture,Interactive lecture
Interactive,Learner centered,Communicative,Discussion based learning
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CONTENT

This is a graduate-level survey course on various aspects of the history of women in Ottoman and Republican Turkish society. It aims to provide an introduction to the following historical "moments" and issues : the status of women according to Islamic law; women in rural society; provincial urban society and women; women of the royal household and court from the 14th to the 18th centuries; women in 19th century Ottoman modernization and related gender issues; the beginnings of active state involvement in maternity and abortion; the development of female education; the emergence of women into public life; marriage, family life, and divorce during the Ottoman reform period; New Ottoman and Young Turk views on the emancipation of women; male and female sexuality in Ottoman Turkish literature; stages in the development, subsumption, and revitalization of women's and feminist movements; gender issues in the Republican era.

OBJECTIVE

Graduate course on the social history of Ottoman and Turkish women.

LEARNING OUTCOMES

  • Upon completion of this course, students will be able to: a.) Describe the specific problematics related to the Ottoman and modern Turkish gender history, together with a deeper knowledge of themes to be selected by the students for course paper. b.) Identify and analyze the key developments, institutions and individuals related to the Ottoman and modern Turkish gender history c.) Relate the key developments, institutions and individuals related to the Ottoman and modern Turkish gender history to an overall conception of the subject matter. d.) Describe large themes over a relatively long span of history. e.) Compare institutions, laws, movements and individuals of different periods, deploying historical argument. f.) Develop independent study based on printed primary sources. g.) Evaluate material to produce, to a deadline, a coherent and cogent argument, developed through the mode of assessment.

ASSESSMENT METHODS and CRITERIA

  Percentage (%)
Final 50
Term-Paper 50

RECOMENDED or REQUIRED READINGS

Readings

?Women?, from The Korân (Transl. by George Sale) (London: Frederick Warne and Co. Ltd, n.d.), pp 71-96.

Barbara Stowasser : ?Gender Issues and Contemporary Quran Interpretation?, in Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad & John L. Esposito (eds.), Islam, Gender, & Social Change (New York; Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1998), 30-44.

Joseph Schacht : An Introduction to Islamic Law (Oxford : At the Clarendon Press, 1964), pp161-168, 175-179.

Judith E.Tucker : In the House of the Law. Gender and Islamic Law in Ottoman Syria and Palestine (Berkeley; Los Angeles; London : University of California Press, 1998), 179-186.

L.Peirce: ?Shifting Boundaries: Images of Ottoman Royal Women in the 16th and 17th Centuries?, Critical Matrix 4, Fall/Winter 1988, 43-82.

Fariba Zarinebaf: ?Women, Patronage, and Charity in Ottoman Istanbul?, in Amira el-Azhary Sonbol, Beyond the Exotic. Women?s History in Islamic Societies (New York: Syracuse University Press, 2005), 89-101.

Lady Mary Montagu : Turkish Embassy Letters (London : Virago Books, 1994), Letters 27, 30-32, 34, 36, 39-41, 46-48.

Meyda Yeğenoğlu : Colonial Fantasies: Towards a feminist reading of Orientalism (Cambridge UP, 1998), chapter 3 (?Supplementing the Orientalist Lack: European Ladies in the Harem?)

Fanny Davis : The Ottoman Lady. A Social History From 1718 to 1918 (New York; Westport, Conn.; London : Greenwood Press, 1986), pp 61-97, 119-129.

Tuba Demirci: ?Family, State and the Blurring of the Public and the Private: Ottoman State and the Emergence of ?Marriage Proper? in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century? (unpublished article)

Fanny Davis : The Ottoman Lady. A Social History From 1718 to 1918 (New York; Westport, Conn.; London : Greenwood Press, 1986).

Mervat F. Hatem : ?The Professionalization of Health and the Control of Women?s Bodies as Modern Governmentalities in Nineteenth-Century Egypt?, in Madeline C. Zilfi (ed.): Women in the Ottoman Empire. Middle Eastern Women in the Early Modern Era (Leiden; New York; Köln : Brill, 1997), pp 66-80.

Tuba Demirci and Selçuk Akşin Somel: ?Control over Feminine Body, Procreation and Public Health: Demography, Bio-Politics and Abortion in the Ottoman Empire (1789-1908)? (Journal of the History of Sexuality Vol.17, September 2008)

Berrak Burçak : The Status of the Elite Muslim Women in Istanbul under the Reign of Sultan Abdülhamid II (1876-1908). Unpublished MA Thesis (Ankara : Bilkent University, 1997), 11-13, 23-29, 41-77.

Donald Quataert : ?Ottoman Women, Households, and Textile Manufacturing, 1800-1914?, in Nikki R.Keddie and Beth Baron (eds.) : Women in Middle Eastern History. Shifting Boundaries in Sex and Gender (New Haven and London : Yale University Press, 1991), 161-176

Aynur Demirdirek : ?In Pursuit of the Ottoman Women?s Movement?, in Zehra F.Arat (ed.):
Deconstructing Images of ?The Turkish Woman? (New York : St.Martin?s Press, 1998), pp 65-81.

Edib, Adivar: ?The Occupation of Smyrna and the Internal Upheaval?, from The Turkish Ordeal (New York & London: The Century Co., 1928), pp 19-50

Hulya Adak: ?National Myths and Self-Narrations: Mustafa Kemal's Nutuk and Halide Edib's Memoirs and The Turkish Ordeal" in Irzik, Sibel and Guven Guzeldere, eds. Special edition of The South Atlantic Quarterly: Relocating the Fault Lines: Turkey beyond the East-West Divide. Vol. 102 (2/3) (Durham: Duke University Press, 2003), pp 509-529.

Haris Exertzoglou: ?The Cultural Uses of Consumption: Negotiating Class, Gender, and Nation in the Ottoman Urban Centers During the 19th Century?, Int.J.Middle East Stud. 35 (2003), 77-101.

Dobrinka Parousheva: ?The Challenge of Change: Bulgarian Women in Late 19th and Early 20th Century?, Études balkaniques 3-4 (1998), 48-66.

Amnon Cohen: ?A Tale of Two Women?, Avigdor Levy (ed.), Jews, Turks, Ottomans. A Shared History, Fifteenth Through the Twentieth Century (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2002), 119-126.

Rachel Simon: ?Jewish Female Education in the Ottoman Empire, 1840-1914?, Avigdor Levy (ed.), Jews, Turks, Ottomans. A Shared History, Fifteenth Through the Twentieth Century (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2002), 127-152.

Yeşim Arat : ?The Project of Modernity and Women in Turkey?, in S. Bozdoğan & R. Kasaba, eds., Rethinking Modernity and National Identity in Turkey (Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1997), pp.95-113. (available on electronic reserve under ALTINAY, CULT 291)

Ayse Gul Altinay : The Myth of the Military Nation. Militarism, Gender, and Education in Turkey (New York; Houndsmills, England: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2004), pp 33-58.

Cenk Özbay ve Ayşecan Terzioğlu (derl.): Türkiye?de Cinsiyet Kültürleri. Dicle Koğacıoğlu Kitabı (İstanbul: İletişim Yayınları, 2019).