Principles of Atatürk and the History of the Turkish Revolution II (HIST 192)

2022 Fall
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
4/3 ECTS (for students admitted in the 2013-14 Academic Year or following years)
Mehmet Kuru,
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Formal lecture
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HIST 192 provides an academic perspective on the geography that we call the Turkish Republic today and the historical relations established among the human societies that lived there in the past and present. HIST 192 is designed to be a follow-up of HIST 191 and thus complements the content and timeline previously introduced, in a thematic order, by reflecting on major milestones in the history of the Turkish Republic from World War I up to the year 2020. With a focus on the history of Modern Turkey at its center, HIST 192 offers an interdisciplinary approach by relying on other disciplines, social sciences, and humanities, such as human history, political science, economy, and sociology. Apart from that, the content of HIST 192 is strongly related with the content of TLL 102. The thematic structure and the chronological framework of these separate courses compliment each other. To that end, the course provides a chance to relate the historical content of HIST 192 with the literary works that are studied in TLL 102. Finally, this course aims to teach basics of academic literacy, source criticism and fact-checking as integrated skills whilst dealing with the content material.


This is the second part of a university course which introduces students to the historical roots of the principles of Atatürk as well as to the implementation of these principles. To achieve this, the following issues are concentrated upon: Ottoman and Turkish political history from 1908 to the present; the Balkan Wars, World War I and Turkish nationalism; the War of Independence; the reforms of Atatürk; World War II and the transition to a multi-party system; Demokrat Parti and its successors, the military interventions of 1960, 1971, 1980 and 1998; the issue of democratization of Turkey.


  • Upon completion of this course students will be able to describe the main themes related to the modernization process of Turkey.
  • Upon completion of this course students will be able to comprehend the Atatürkist reforms and their role in the shaping of present-day Turkey.
  • Upon completion of this course students will be able to identify the key developments of the political, social and economic history of the Republic of Turkey and relate them to an
  • Upon completion of this course students will be able to overall conception of the subject matter.
  • Upon completion of this course students will be able to describe large themes over a relatively long span of history.
  • Upon completion of this course students will be able to develop independent study.


1. Understand the world, their country, their society, as well as themselves and have awareness of ethical problems, social rights, values and responsibility to the self and to others. 5

2. Understand different disciplines from natural and social sciences to mathematics and art, and develop interdisciplinary approaches in thinking and practice. 3

3. Think critically, follow innovations and developments in science and technology, demonstrate personal and organizational entrepreneurship and engage in life-long learning in various subjects; have the ability to continue to educate him/herself. 2

4. Communicate effectively in Turkish and English by oral, written, graphical and technological means. 1

5. Take individual and team responsibility, function effectively and respectively as an individual and a member or a leader of a team; and have the skills to work effectively in multi-disciplinary teams. 2

1. Possess sufficient knowledge of mathematics, science and program-specific engineering topics; use theoretical and applied knowledge of these areas in complex engineering problems. 1

2. Identify, define, formulate and solve complex engineering problems; choose and apply suitable analysis and modeling methods for this purpose. 1

3. Develop, choose and use modern techniques and tools that are needed for analysis and solution of complex problems faced in engineering applications; possess knowledge of standards used in engineering applications; use information technologies effectively. 1

4. Have the ability to design a complex system, process, instrument or a product under realistic constraints and conditions, with the goal of fulfilling specified needs; apply modern design techniques for this purpose. 1

5. Design and conduct experiments, collect data, analyze and interpret the results to investigate complex engineering problems or program-specific research areas. 1

6. Possess knowledge of business practices such as project management, risk management and change management; awareness on innovation; knowledge of sustainable development. 1

7. Possess knowledge of impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental, health and societal context; knowledge of contemporary issues; awareness on legal outcomes of engineering solutions; knowledge of behavior according to ethical principles, understanding of professional and ethical responsibility. 1

8. Have the ability to write effective reports and comprehend written reports, prepare design and production reports, make effective presentations, and give and receive clear and intelligible instructions. 2

1. Develop knowledge of theories, concepts, and research methods in humanities and social sciences. 3

2. Assess how global, national and regional developments affect society. 4

3. Know how to access and evaluate data from various sources of information. 3


  Percentage (%)
Final 50
Midterm 50



Erik Zürcher, Modernleşen Türkiye?nin Tarihi (Istanbul: İletişim Yayınları, 2000)