Principles of Atatürk and the History of the Turkish Revolution I (HIST 191)

2021 Spring
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
4.00 / 3.00 ECTS (for students admitted in the 2013-14 Academic Year or following years)
Adam Bennett McConnel, Cemil Hüsnü Koçak,
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Formal lecture
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This basic, comprehensive survey of the politics, economics and sociology of Turkish modernization begins with a review of the pressures building up on the Ottoman Empire, and the recurring confrontations between the conservative and the reform-minded wings of the ruling elite, through the 17th and 18th centuries, dovetailing into the challenges confronting the porte under Selim III and Mahmud II. The long drawn-out tragedy of the Turkish 19th century, comprising: a context of continuing retreat and territorial contraction, as well as of deepening despair, summed up as a non-colonial pattern of incorporation; the complicated relationships between the Great Powers and the various Balkan nationalisms; the initial introduction and the subsequent expansion of modernization agendas from the top down; the interplay of political and economic factors, and of local vs international forces, in the major crises of the 1830s, the 1850s, and the 1870s; the course of restructuring in the legal, administrative, educational, fiscal and economic spheres; the ancien régime complexity set up by Tanzimat dualisms; the Ottomans' ambition to modernize and to be recognized as modern (and hence of being admitted into the Concert of Europe); the gradual emergence of a state of law, and the replacement of the First Constitution's abortive liberalism by the resurgent authoritarianism of the Hamidian era.


The aim is to provide a comprehensive perspective and multi-layered knowledge on Atatürkist reforms and on the history of modern Turkey.


Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:
1.Compare and contrast the disciplines of history, social sciences and natural sciences;
2. Examine different trajectories toward modernization;
3. Identify the main themes of the Ottoman modernization process;
4. Comprehend the history of those innovations which constituted the bases for the reforms of the 20th century;
5. Identify the key developments of Ottoman political, social and economic history and relate them to an overall conception of the subject matter;
6. Describe large themes over a relatively long span of history;
7. Develop independent study capability.


  Percentage (%)
Final 50
Midterm 50



Zürcher, E.J., Modernlesen Türkiye'nin Tarihi, Iletisim Press, November 2015.
Various book chapters assigned for each course week.

Findley, Carter V., Modern Türkiye Tarihi, Timas Press, 2016.
Various book chapters assigned for each course week.