International Conflict and Peace (CONF 400)

2021 Spring
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Conf. Analysis Res.(CONF)
3
6.00 / 6.00 ECTS (for students admitted in the 2013-14 Academic Year or following years)
Ayşe Betül Çelik bcelik@sabanciuniv.edu,
Click here to view.
English
Undergraduate
SPS102 SPS101
Interactive lecture,Seminar
Interactive,Discussion based learning,Case Study
Click here to view.

CONTENT

This course provides an overview of the related fields of peace studies and conflict resolution by exploring different definitions, perspectives, actors, and tools available to practitioners and scholars. It is a survey of the theoretical and empirical literature on the causes and conditions of international conflict and peace. It examines the history and development of contending approaches to conflict and peace, their basic assumptions and methodologies, and their application to current conflict situations, with particular emphasis upon the following: peace through coercive power; peace through nonviolence; peace through world order; and peace through personal and community transformation.

OBJECTIVE

1. Objective: To become more knowledgeable concerning the role of peacekeeping, peacemaking, and peacebuilding during all phases of conflict: pre-conflict, conflict, and post-conflict.
2. Objectives: To examine the steps involved in putting a conflict resolution plan to work and methods of dealing with ambiguity and change in such contexts.
3. Objectives: To understand theories and concepts of peace and conflict and their application to global, regional and local contexts.

ASSESSMENT METHODS and CRITERIA

  Percentage (%)
Final 45
Midterm 40
Participation 15

RECOMENDED or REQUIRED READINGS

Readings

Contemporary Conflict Resolution, Chapters 1 and 3.
Jack Levy, ?Theories of Interstate and Intrastate War: A Levels of Analysis Approach,? in Chester A. Cracker, Fen Osler Hampson & Pamela Aall (eds.). Turbulent Peace: The Challenges of Managing International Conflict. Washington D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press.
Rasmussen, J. Lewis (1997) ?Peacemaking in the Twenty-First Century: New Rules, New Roles, and New Actors,? in Zartman, I. William and J. Lewis Rasmussen, eds. Peacemaking in International Conflict: Methods and Techniques. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press.
Bercovitch & Jackson, Chapter 1.
Bercovitch and Jackson, Ch. 7
Stedman, Stephen J. (1995) "Alchemy for a New World Order." Foreign Affairs 75(3), pp. 14-20.
Jentleson, Bruce W. (2001) "Preventive Statecraft: A Realist Strategy for the Post-Cold War Era." Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall, eds. Turbulent Peace: The Challenges of Managing International Conflict. Washington: United States Institute of Peace, pp. 249-26.
John N. Clarke (2005) Early Warning Analysis for Humanitarian Preparedness and Conflict Prevention, Civil Wars, 7(1), pp. 71-97
Bercovitch & Jackson, Chapter 8
Walling, Carrie Booth (2015). ?Human Rights Norms, State Sovereignty, and Humanitarian Intervention,? Human Rights Quarterly, 37(2), pp. 383-413.
Averre, Derek and Lance Davies (2015). ?Russia, Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect: the case of Syria,? International Affairs, 91(4), pp.813-834.
Bercovitch & Jackson, Chapter 2, 3
Contemporary Conflict Resolution, Chapter 6.
Saadia Touval and William Zartman, ?International Mediation in the Post-Cold War Era.? Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall, eds. Turbulent Peace: The Challenges of Managing International Conflict. Washington: United States Institute of Peace.
Paul Meerts (2020). ?Diplomatic Negotiation at the Crossroads?? International Negotiation, 25(1) pp.18-30.
Zartman, I. William (2020). ?Structuring in a Vacuum: Negotiating in the Current World Disorder,? International Negotiation, 25(1) pp.5-17.
Bercovitch & Jackson, Chapter 4
Gent, Stephen E. and Megan Shannon (2010). ?The Effectiveness of International Arbitration and Adjudication: Getting Into a Bind,? The Journal of Politics, 72(2), pp. 366-380.
Dixon, William J. (1996). ?Third-Party Techniques for Preventing Conflict Escalation and Promoting Peaceful Settlement,? International Organization, 50(4), pp. 653-681
D. M. Malone (2003). ?The Security Council: Adapting to Address Contemporary Conflicts?. Negotiation Journal, January 2003.
Doyle, Michael W. (2001) "War Making and Peace making: The United Nations' Post-Cold War Record." Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall, eds. Turbulent Peace: The Challenges of Managing International Conflict. Washington: United States Institute of Peace, pp. 529-560.
Bercovitch & Jackson, Chapter 6.
Howard, Lise Morje (2015). ?Peacekeeping, Peace Enforcement and UN Reform,? Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, 16(2), pp. 6-8.
Karlsrud, John (2015). ?The UN at War: Examining the Consequences of Peaceenforcement Mandates for the UN Peacekeeping Operations in the CAR, the DRC and Mali,? Third World Quarterly, 36(1), pp. 40-54.
Bercovitch & Jackson, Ch.10
Janice Gross Stein (2001). ?Image, Identity, and the Resolution of Violent Conflict,? in A. Chester Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson and Pamela Aall (ed.s) Turbulent Peace: The Challenge of Managing International Conflict Washington D.C. United States Institute of Peace Press, pp. 189-208.
Ronald Fisher (2002). ?Historical Mapping of the Field of Interactive Conflict Resolution,? in John Davies and Edward Kaufman. Second Track/Citizen?s Diplomacy: Concepts and Techniques for Conflict Transformation. Rowman& Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Stedman, Stephen J. (2002) "Introduction." Stephen J. Stedman, Donald Rothchild, and Elzabeth M. Cousens, eds. Ending Civil Wars: The Implementation of Peace Agreements. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc., pp. 1-40.
Downs, George and Stephen J. Stedman. (2002) "Evaluation Issues in Peace Implementation." Stephen J. Stedman, Donald Rothchild, and Elizabeth M. Cousens, eds. Ending Civil Wars: The Implementation of Peace Agreements. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc., pp. 43-69.
Dicker, Lisa K. and C. Danae Paterson (2020). ?Covid-19 and Conflicts: The Health of Peace Processes During a Pandemic? Harvard Negotiation Law, 25, pp.101-136.
Greener, B. K. (2011) ?Revisiting the politics of post-conflict peacebuilding: reconciling the liberal agenda?? Global Change, Peace & Security, 23(3), pp. 357-368
Muggah, Robert (2006). ?Emerging from the shadow of war: A critical perspective on DDR and weapons reduction in the post-conflict period,? Contemporary Security Policy, 27(1), pp. 190-205.
Jennings, Kathleen M. (2007). ?The Struggle to Satisfy: DDR Through the Eyes of Ex-combatants in Liberia,? International Peacekeeping, 14(2), pp. 204-218
Johannes M. Botes, Structural Transformation
Priscilla Hayner, ?Why a Truth Commission?? in Lederach, Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies.
Joanna Santa-Barbara, Reconciliation
Putnam, Tonya L. (2002) "Human Rights and Sustainable Peace." Stephen J. Stedman, Donald Rothchild, and Elizabeth M. Cousens, eds. Ending Civil Wars: The Implementation of Peace Agreements. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc., pp. 237-271.
Lekha Sriram, Chandra & Johanna Herman (2009) DDR and transitional justice: bridging the divide? Conflict, Security & Development, 9:4, pp. 455-474