Human Rights in World Affairs (POLS 589)

2021 Fall
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Political Science(POLS)
3
10.00
Oya Yeğen zoyayegen@sabanciuniv.edu,
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English
Doctoral, Master
--
Formal lecture,Interactive lecture
Discussion based learning
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CONTENT

This course introduces students to the foundations of human rights theory and practice. The course analyzes what constitutes as human rights (political, economic, social, and cultural rights) and examines contemporary issues around the globe. The course will also offer a critical analysis of international human rights norms and its enforcement by focusing on major international institutions and the documents that govern the human rights regime as well as the role of states, individuals, NGOs and the media.

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this course is to introduce students to the foundations of human rights theory and practice and examine the role of human rights in world affairs. The goal is to understand what constitutes as human rights, why human rights are violated and how human rights are enforced by focusing on major international institutions and the documents that govern the human rights regime as well as the role of states, individuals, NGOs and other human rights networks.

LEARNING OUTCOME

Identify the relevant the international human rights treaties and understand how the human rights regime works.
Analyze and understand the strengths and weaknesses of mechanisms to promote and protect human rights by individuals, non-governmental organizations, states, and international organizations and others.
Critically think about different human rights problems in different countries by focusing on case studies.
Apply theoretical knowledge and develop writing and communication skills.
Critique readings, analyze evidence and make informed arguments

ASSESSMENT METHODS and CRITERIA

  Percentage (%)
Final 15
Exam 15
Assignment 20
Participation 20
Other 30

RECOMENDED or REQUIRED READINGS

Readings

Samuel Moyn, 2018. How the Human Rights Movement Failed, April 23, available at https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/23/opinion/human-rights-movement-failed.html
Todd Landman, 2002. ?Comparative Politics and Human Rights?, Human Rights Quarterly 24 , 890?923.
Todd Landman, 2004. ?Measuring Human Rights: Principle, Practice, and Policy? Human Rights Quarterly, Volume 26, Number 4, pp. 906-931. (G)
Jack Donnelly, International Human Rights, Routhledge, 2017, Ch. 2.
Paul Gordon Lauren, The Evolution of International Human Rights, 3rd ed. Ch. 1 and 2.
Tim Dunne. & M. Hanson. 2013. ?Human Rights in International Relations?, chapter 4 in Goodhart, M., ed. Human Rights: Politics and Practice, 2nd edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Samuel Moyn, 2010. The last Utopia? Human Rights in History. Cambridge: HUP. Ch. 2
Jack Donnelly, 2013. Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice, 3rd ed, Cornell University Press Ch. 6 and 7.
Ethan Watters, 2013. ?We Aren?t the World, Pacific Standard? Feb. 23, available at https://psmag.com/social-justice/joe-henrich-weird-ultimatum-game-shaking-up-psychology-economics-53135
Altan-Olcay, Özlem and Bertil Emrah Oder. 2021. ?Why Turkey?s withdrawal from the Istanbul Convention is a global problem?, June 2, https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/can-europe-make-it/why-turkeys-withdrawal-from-the-istanbul-convention-is-a-global-problem/
Eric Posner. 2014. ?The Case Against Human Rights?, the Guardian, December 4, available at https://www.theguardian.com/news/2014/dec/04/-sp-case-against-human-rights
Stephen Krasner, 1999. Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy, Princeton, Ch. 4.
Emilie Hafner-Burton, 2013. Making Human Rights a Reality, Ch. 4 and 5.
Beth Simmons, 2009. Mobilizing for Human Rights, International Law in Domestic Politics, Ch. 3 and 4. (G)
Wade M. Cole. 2012. ?Human Rights as Myth and Ceremony? Reevaluating the Effectiveness of Human Rights Treaties, 1981?2007? American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 117, No. 4 (January), pp. 1131-1171 (G)
Jean Grugel, Enrique Peruzzotti, 2012. ?The Domestic Politics of International Human Rights Law: Implementing the Convention on the Rights of the Child in Ecuador, Chile, and Argentina,? Human Rights Quarterly, Volume 34, Number 1, February, pp. 178-19
Emilia J. Powell and Jeffrey K. Staton, 2009. ?Domestic Judicial Institutions and Human Rights Treaty Violation,? International Studies Quarterly, 53(1): 149?174. (G)
Bueno de Mesquita, B, GW Downs, A Smith & FM Cherif, 2005. ?Thinking Inside the Box: A Closer Look at Democracy and Human Rights,? International Studies Quarterly, 49(3): 439-458. (G)
Vreeland, James R. ?Political Institutions and Human Rights: Why Dictatorships Enter into the United Nations Convention Against Torture.? International Organization, 62, 01 (January 2008): 65- 101. (G)
Emilie Hafner-Burton, 2013. Making Human Rights a Reality, Princeton University Press, pp. 19-41.
Emily Hencken Ritter and Christian Davenport, 2021. ?An Illustrated Glossary of Political Violence? Jan. 18. https://politicalviolenceataglance.org/2021/01/18/an-illustrated-glossary-of-political-violence/
Christian Davenport and Cyanne Loyle. 2012. ?The States Must Be Crazy: Dissent and the Puzzle of Repressive Persistence,? International Journal of Conflict and Violence (IJCV) Vol. 6 (1) pp. 75 ? 95.
Sabine Carey. 2010. ?The Use of Repression as a Response to Domestic Dissent.? Political Studies 58: 167-186. (G)
Celso Perez and Muneer I. Ahmad. ?Why the UN Should Take Responsibility for Haiti's Cholera Outbreak?, the Atlantic, August 16, 2013 available at https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2013/08/why-the-un-should-take-responsibility-for-haitis-cholera-outbreak/278762/
Leigh A. Payne and Gabriel Pereira, ?Corporate Complicity in International Human Rights Violations,? Annual Review of Law and Social Science. 2016. 12:63?84.
David Bosco ?Why is the International Criminal Court picking only on Africa?? The Washington Post, May 29, 2013 available at https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/why-is-the-international-criminal-court-picking-only-on-africa/2013/03/29/cb9bf5da-96f7-11e2-97cd-3d8c1afe4f0f_story.html?utm_term=.9cd428380c59
Kathryn Sikkink and Kim, Hun Joon, ?The Justice Cascade: The Origins and Effectiveness of Prosecutions of Human Rights Violations? (November 2013). Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 9, pp. 269-285, 2013.
Mattia Pinto. 2020. ?Historical Trends of Human Rights Gone Criminal,? Human Rights Quarterly, Volume 42, Number 4, November 2020, pp. 729-761.
Beth Simmons & Allison Danner (2010) ?Credible Commitments and the International Criminal Court,? International Organization, Vol. 64, No. 2 (Spring 2010), pp. 225-256. (G)
Emilie Hafner-Burton, Making Human Rights a Reality (Princeton University Press, 2013), Ch. 8.
Alison Brysk. 2005. ?Global Good Samaritans? Human Rights Foreign Policy in Costa Rica? Global Governance , Oct.?Dec. Vol. 11, No. 4 , pp. 445-466
Dursun Peksen, ?Better or Worse? The Effect of Economic Sanctions on Human Rights? Journal of Peace Research, vol. 46, no. 1, 2009, pp. 59?77.
Reed M. Wood, ?A Hand upon the Throat of the Nation?: Economic Sanctions and State Repression, 1976?2001? International Studies Quarterly, Volume 52, Issue 3, 1 September 2008, pp. 489?513. (G)
Alan J. Kuperman, ?The Moral Hazard of Humanitarian Intervention: Lessons from the Balkans,? International Studies Quarterly (2008) 52, 49?80.
Benjamin A Valentino, ?The True Costs of Humanitarian Intervention: The Hard Truth About a Noble Notion,? Foreign Affairs ; New York Vol. 90, Issue 6, (Nov/Dec 2011): 60-73.
Dursun Peksen 2012.``Does Foreign Military Intervention Help Human Rights??? Political Research Quarterly 65 (3):558?71. (G)
James H. Lebovic and Erik Voeten. 2006. ?The Politics of Shame: The Condemnation of Country Human Rights Practices in the UNCHR? International Studies Quarterly, 50, 861?888. (Skim)
Jack Snyder. 2019. ?Backlash against human rights shaming: emotions in groups?, International Theory.
Emilie Hafner-Burton, ?Trading Human Rights: How Preferential Trade Agreements Influence Government Repression,? International Organization (2005), 59: 593- 629. (G)
Emilie Hafner-Burton, ?Sticks and Stones: Naming and Shaming the Human Rights Enforcement Problem,? International Organization Vol. 62 (Fall 2008), pp. 689-716. (G)
Amanda M. Murdie and David R. Davis, ?Shaming and Blaming: Using Events Data to Assess the Impact of Human Rights INGOs,? International Studies Quarterly (2012) 56, 1?16. (G)
Clifford Bob. 2002. ?Merchants of Morality? Foreign Policy 129: 36-45
Margaret Keck and Kathryn Sikkink. 1998. Activists Beyond Borders. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Ch.1.
Emilie Hafner-Burton, Making Human Rights a Reality (Princeton University Press, 2013), Ch. 9.
Thrall, A. Trevor, Dominik Stecula, and Diane Sweet 2014. ?May We Have Your Attention Please? Human-Rights NGOs and the Problem of Global Communication?, The Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics 19 (2), 135-159. (G)
Sarah S Stroup, and Amanda Murdie ?There's no place like home: Explaining international NGO advocacy,? The Review of International Organizations; Dordrecht Vol. 7, Iss. 4, (Dec 2012): 425-448. (G)
Oona Hathaway, Preston Lim and Mark Stevens ?COVID-19 and International Law Series: Human Rights Law ? Right to Life?, Just Security https://www.justsecurity.org/73426/covid-19-and-international-law-series-human-rights-law-right-to-life/
Wendy H. Wong & Eileen A. Wong (2020) ?What COVID-19 revealed about health, human rights, and the WHO, Journal of Human Rights? 19:5, 568-581.
Jeff Sebo. 2018 ?Should Chimpanzees Be Considered Persons?? the New York Times, April 7, available at https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/07/opinion/sunday/chimps-legal-personhood.html
David Rieff. 1999. ?The Precarious Triumph of Human Rights?, New York Times Magazine, available at https://www.nytimes.com/1999/08/08/magazine/the-precarious-triumph-of-human-rights.html
Ingrid Wuerth. 2019. ?A Post-Human Rights Era? A Reappraisal and a Response to Critics,? March 22, https://www.lawfareblog.com/post-human-rights-era-reappraisal-and-response-critics
Emilie M. Hafner-Burton and James Ron, ?Seeing Double Human Rights Impact through Qualitative and Quantitative Eyes?, World Politics 61, no. 2 (April 2009), 360?401. (G)

Optional Readings

Emilie M Hafner-Burton, ?A social science of human rights?, Journal of Peace Research 2014, Vol. 51(2) 273?286.
Michelle Giacobbe Allendoerfer. 2017. ?Who cares about human rights? Public opinion about human rights foreign policy?, Journal of Human Rights, 16:4, 428-451. (G)