Principles of Atatürk and the History of the Turkish Revolution II (HIST 192)

2021 Fall
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
4.00 / 3.00 ECTS (for students admitted in the 2013-14 Academic Year or following years)
Cemil Hüsnü Koçak, Adam Bennett McConnel,
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Formal lecture
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The''revolution vs empire''dilemna faced by the Young Turks in 1908 ,continuing into:the intellectual ferment of the first two decades of the century ;the impact of the Balkan Wars and of Gallipoli on Turkish nationalism; the beginnings of an Anatolia -oriented populism;the fatique and despair of 1918-19 ,and the call to mobilize for one last struggle ;the forging of a new leadership and of a program of resistance ; and the role of local and national elements in the grand alliance for independence.From 1923 onwards,attention shifts to : economic reconstruction; the ''smashing the idols'' refoms of the 1920s and early 30s;education,history, archeology,folklore,and the construction of a new national identity;the Great Depression and the shift to a more statist economic policy; the difficulties of the war years; and the 1946-50 transition to parliamentary pluralism.In conclusion ,the course raises some broad analytical questions : the Kemalist revolution in comparative perspective; the emergence and development of a ''catching up agenda'' in a non -colonial context;the pragmatism and empiricism of Kemalism contrasted with other (later)examples of national developmentalism; the prospects for Turkish democracy on the threshold of the 21st century.


This is the second part of a university course which introduces students to the historical roots of the principles of Atatürk as well as to the implementation of these principles. To achieve this, the following issues are concentrated upon: Ottoman and Turkish political history from 1908 to the present; the Balkan Wars, World War I and Turkish nationalism; the War of Independence; the reforms of Atatürk; World War II and the transition to a multi-party system; Demokrat Parti and its successors, the military interventions of 1960, 1971, 1980 and 1998; the issue of democratization of Turkey.


Upon completion of this course students will be able to:
a.) Describe the main themes related to the modernization process of Turkey;
b) Comprehend the Atatürkist reforms and their role in the shaping of present-day Turkey.
c.) Identify the key developments of the political, social and economic history of the Republic of Turkey and relate them to an overall conception of the subject matter.
d.) Describe large themes over a relatively long span of history.
e.) Develop independent study.


  Percentage (%)
Final 50
Midterm 50



Erik Zürcher, Modernleşen Türkiye?nin Tarihi (Istanbul: İletişim Yayınları, 2000)