Political Ideologies in Modern Turkey (POLS 305)

2020 Spring
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Political Science(POLS)
6.00 / 6.00 ECTS (for students admitted in the 2013-14 Academic Year or following years)
Emre Erol erolemre@sabanciuniv.edu,
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SPS102 SPS101
Formal lecture,Interactive lecture,Seminar
Interactive,Communicative,Discussion based learning,Task based learning
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This course will include a survey of the origins and evolution of various though currents in Turkey such as liberalism, nationalism, conservatism, socialism and feminism. While delineating these currents of thought, main ideas of some key proponents of these ideologies such as Yusuf Akçura, Ziya Gökalp, Prens Sabahattin and Ahmet Ağaoğlu will be studied.


This course will opt for introducing the students to various thought currents in Turkey from 1908 onwards.


1. Identify the main parameters of the political debate within the Committee of Union and Progress at the turn of the twentieth century,

2. Identify the main differences between the many versions of liberal and nationalist ideologies in Turkey,

3. Identify the analytical implications of the differences between the ideas of political thinkers such as Prince Sabahattin and Ahmet Ağaoğlu as well as Yusuf Akçura and Ziya Gökalp,

4. Analyze the policies of assimilation and exclusion that are relevant during nation-state formation,

5. Discuss the original women's movements in Turkey that were from below.


1. Understand the world, their country, their society, as well as themselves and have awareness of ethical problems, social rights, values and responsibility to the self and to others.

2. Understand different disciplines from natural and social sciences to mathematics and art, and develop interdisciplinary approaches in thinking and practice.

3. Think critically, follow innovations and developments in science and technology, demonstrate personal and organizational entrepreneurship and engage in life-long learning in various subjects.

4. Communicate effectively in Turkish and English by oral, written, graphical and technological means.

5. Take individual and team responsibility, function effectively and respectively as an individual and a member or a leader of a team; and have the skills to work effectively in multi-disciplinary teams.

1. Develop knowledge of theories, concepts, and research methods in humanities and social sciences.

2. Assess how global, national and regional developments affect society.

3. Know how to access and evaluate data from various sources of information.

1. Understand and follow changes in patterns of political behavior, ideas and structures.

2. Develop the ability to make logical inferences about social and political issues on the basis of comparative and historical knowledge.


  Percentage (%)
Midterm 35
Exam 35
Participation 10
Presentation 20



1) Feroz Ahmad, The Making of Modern Turkey (London and New York: Routledge, 1993).
2) F. Georgeon, Türk Milliyetçiliğinin Kökenleri: Yusuf Akçura (Istanbul: Türkiye Ekonomik ve Toplumsal Tarih Vakfı, 1996).
3) Tanıl Bora (der.), Modern Türkiye?de Siyasi Düşünce: Milliyetçilik, Cilt 4 (Istanbul: İletişim, 2002).
4) Ahmet Yıldız, Ne Mutlu Türküm Diyebilene: Türk Ulusal Kimliğinin Etno-Seküler Sınırları (1919-1938), (Istanbul: İletişim, 2001).
5) Yaprak Zihnioğlu, Kadınsız İnkilap: Nezihe Muhiddin, Kadınlar Halk Fırkası, Kadın Birliği (Istanbul: Metis, 2003).
6) Ahmet Çiğdem (der.), Modern Türkiye?de Siyasi Düşünce: Muhafazarlık, Cilt 5, (Istanbul: İletişim, 2003).

There is also a Reading Package with the course code at the Copy Center including some articles and book chapters.