Multi-axis Machining (MFG 568)

2020 Spring
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Lütfi Taner Tunç,
Doctoral, Master
Formal lecture,Seminar,Recitation,Studio work/practice
Interactive,Communicative,Discussion based learning,Project based learning,Task based learning,Case Study
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Advanced CAD/CAM applications, which are used in metal cutting industry, will be covered with the theoretical and practical aspects. The topics covered during the lectures will be applied through homeworks and a course project. Techniques for analytical surfaces representation and modeling, surface creation techniques in CAD environment, theoretical aspects of toolpath computation for 3 and 5 axis milling, 3 and 5 axis milling toolpath computation operations offered by commercial CAM packages, theoretical and practical aspects of post processing issues for 3 and 5 axis milling will be covered. Process modeling for simulation and verification of 3 and 5 axis milling processes will be covered. Project groups will select sample geometries requiring 3 and 5 axis milling. Then, they will prepare operations for machining of these sample parts using commercially available Siemens NX and CATIA packages to manufacture the selected parts on the 5-axis machine tool available in Manufacturing Research Laboratory or on the 6- axis machining robots available at SU-IMC.


? Represent curves and surface analytically
? Generate curves and surfaces in CAD environment
? Prepare machining tool path operations in CAM environment
? Perform post-processing to the tool path generated in workpiece coordinate systems
? Describe and model generalized milling tool geometry
? Describe and model geometry of a multi-axis ball-end milling process
? Describe the advantages of using computers in NC tool path generation
? Select appropriate milling strategies for a part to be manufactured
? Select appropriate CNC machine tool configuration for a part to be manufactured
? Prepare technical drawings for multi-axis milling processes


-Understanding of the theoretical background of free-form surface representation used in product design.
- Presenting their project work
- Undertake representative machining task as part of their group project. Selection of cutting tools, CNC programming and realizing the required machining process to manufacture a desired part.
- Understanding of the theoretical background of tool path planning for complex parts.
- Understanding of the theoretical background of tool path computation for complex parts.
- Understanding of the theoretical background of tool path computation for post-processing.
- The students will use industrial CAD/CAM software packages. They will learn how to deal with different file formats in CAD/CAM environment.
Understanding of tool selection in multi-axis machining applications.


1. Develop and deepen the current and advanced knowledge in the field with original thought and/or research and come up with innovative definitions based on Master's degree qualifications 4

2. Conceive the interdisciplinary interaction which the field is related with ; come up with original solutions by using knowledge requiring proficiency on analysis, synthesis and assessment of new and complex ideas. 3

3. Evaluate and use new information within the field in a systematic approach. 4

4. Develop an innovative knowledge, method, design and/or practice or adapt an already known knowledge, method, design and/or practice to another field; research, conceive, design, adapt and implement an original subject. 3

5. Critical analysis, synthesis and evaluation of new and complex ideas. 4

6. Gain advanced level skills in the use of research methods in the field of study. 3

7. Contribute the progression in the field by producing an innovative idea, skill, design and/or practice or by adapting an already known idea, skill, design, and/or practice to a different field independently. 3

8. Broaden the borders of the knowledge in the field by producing or interpreting an original work or publishing at least one scientific paper in the field in national and/or international refereed journals. 3

9. Demonstrate leadership in contexts requiring innovative and interdisciplinary problem solving. 3

10. Develop new ideas and methods in the field by using high level mental processes such as creative and critical thinking, problem solving and decision making. 2

11. Investigate and improve social connections and their conducting norms and manage the actions to change them when necessary. 1

12. Defend original views when exchanging ideas in the field with professionals and communicate effectively by showing competence in the field. 2

13. Ability to communicate and discuss orally, in written and visually with peers by using a foreign language at least at a level of European Language Portfolio C1 General Level. 2

14. Contribute to the transition of the community to an information society and its sustainability process by introducing scientific, technological, social or cultural improvements. 1

15. Demonstrate functional interaction by using strategic decision making processes in solving problems encountered in the field. 2

16. Contribute to the solution finding process regarding social, scientific, cultural and ethical problems in the field and support the development of these values. 2

1. Develop the ability to use critical, analytical, and reflective thinking and reasoning 5

2. Reflect on social and ethical responsibilities in his/her professional life. 2

3. Gain experience and confidence in the dissemination of project/research outputs 3

4. Work responsibly and creatively as an individual or as a member or leader of a team and in multidisciplinary environments. 3

5. Communicate effectively by oral, written, graphical and technological means and have competency in English. 2

6. Independently reach and acquire information, and develop appreciation of the need for continuously learning and updating. 4

1. Design and model engineering systems and processes and solve engineering problems with an innovative approach. 5

2. Establish experimental setups, conduct experiments and/or simulations. 4

3. Analytically acquire and interpret data. 5

1. Employ mathematical methods to solve physical problems and understand relevant numerical techniques. 4

2. Conduct basic experiments or simulations. 1

3. Analytically acquire and interpret data. 3

4. Establish thorough understanding of the fundamental principles of physics. 1

1. Develop abstract mathematical thinking and mathematical intuition.

2. Demonstrate a broad understanding of several areas of advanced mathematics and of their interrelations.

3. Have knowledge of the fundamental and advanced concepts, principles and techniques from a range of topics.

4. The ability to tackle complex problems, reveal structures and clarify problems, discover suitable analytical and/or numerical methods and interpret solutions.

5. Analyze problems of the area of specialization, plan strategies for their solution, and apply notions and methods of abstract and/or applied mathematics to solve them.

1. Apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering in computer science and engineering related problems. 2

2. Display knowledge of contemporary issues in computer science and engineering and apply to a particular problem. 1

3. Demonstrate the use of results from interpreted data to improve the quality of research or a product in computer science and engineering. 2

1. Apply software, modeling, instrumentation, and experimental techniques and their combinations in the design and integration of electrical, electronic, control and mechanical systems.

2. Interact with researchers from different disciplines to exchange ideas and identify areas of research collaboration to advance the frontiers of present knowledge and technology; determine relevant solution approaches and apply them by preparing a research strategy.

3. Take part in ambitious and highly challenging research to generate value for both the industry and society.

1. Use advanced Math (including probability and/or statistics), advanced sciences, advanced computer and programming, and advanced Electronics engineering knowledge to design and analyze complex electronics circuits, instruments, software and electronic systems with hardware/software. 1

2. Analyze and design advanced communication networks and systems, advanced signal processing algorithms or software using advanced knowledge on diff. equations, linear algebra, complex variables and discrete math. 1

1. Apply knowledge of key concepts in biology, with an emphasis on molecular genetics, biochemistry and molecular and cell biology. 1

2. Display an awareness of the contemporary biological issues in relation with other scientific areas. 1

3. Demonstrate hands-on experience in a wide range of biological experimental techniques. 1

1. Establish a strong theoretical background in several of a broad range of subjects related to the discipline, such as manufacturing processes, service systems design and operation, production planning and control, modeling and optimization, stochastics, statistics. 4

2. Develop novel modeling and / or analytical solution strategies for problems in integrated production and service systems involving human capital, materials, information, equipment, and energy, also using an interdisciplinary approach whenever appropriate. 5

3. Implement solution strategies on a computer platform for decision-support purposes by employing effective computational and experimental tools. 3

4. Acquire skills to independently explore and tackle problems related to the discipline that were not encountered previously. Develop appropriate modeling, solution, implementation strategies, and assess the quality of the outcome. 3

1. Assess and identify developments, strategies, opportunities and problems in energy security and energy technologies. 1

2. Define and solve technical, economic and administrative problems in energy businesses. 1

3. Establish knowledge and understanding of energy security, energy technologies, energy markets and strategic planning in energy enterprises. 1

4. Demonstrate an awareness of environmental concerns and their importance in developing engineering solutions and new technologies. 1

5. Acquire a series of social and technical proficiencies for project management and leadership skills. 1

1. Apply a broad knowledge of structure & microstructure of all classes of materials, and the ability to use this knowledge to determine the material properties. 2

2. Apply a broad understanding of the relationships between material properties, performance and processing. 2

3. Apply a broad understanding of thermodynamics, kinetics, transport phenomena, phase transformations and materials aspects of advanced technology. 1

4. Demonstrate hands-on experience using a wide range of materials characterization techniques. 1

5. Demonstrate the use of results from interpreted data to improve the quality of research, a product, or a product in materials science and engineering. 1


  Percentage (%)
Final 30
Midterm 15
Case Study 20
Participation 5
Individual Project 15
Homework 15



1) Choi, B. K., & Jerard, R. B. (2012). Sculptured surface machining: theory and applications. Springer Science & Business Media.
2) Choi, B. K. (1991). Surface modeling for CAD-CAM. Elsevier Science Inc.
3) Altintas, Y. (2012). Manufacturing automation: metal cutting mechanics, machine tool vibrations, and CNC design. Cambridge university press.
4) Makhanov, S. S., Anotaipaiboon, W., (2007). Advanced Numerical Methods to Optimize Cutting Operations of Five Axis Milling Machines. Springer Science & Business Media