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Code ME 535
Term 201801
Title Scaling in Engineering Systems
Faculty Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Subject Mechatronics(ME)
SU Credit 3
ECTS Credit 10.00
Instructor(s) Meltem Elitas,
Language of Instruction English
Level of Course Doctoral
Type of Course Click here to view.
(only for SU students)
Mode of Delivery Interactive lecture,Seminar,Recitation
Planned Learning Activities Interactive,Communicative,Discussion based learning,Project based learning,Case Study

The course introduces the scaling laws for engineering systems including multi-scale systems and consists of different scales (nano-, micro-, or macro-scales). When system modeling, design and fabrication processes are being performed, scaling and interaction of different scales become prominent. This course covers the fundamental properties of scales, design theories, modeling methods and manufacturing issues with different applications. Examples of engineering systems include micro -/macro-robotics, micro-/macro-actuators, MEMS, microfluidics, micromanipulators (AFM, microinjection technologies), robotic surgery (da Vinci robots), biosensors, MRI machines, and solar energy panels. Students will master the materials through problem sets, scientific discussions with experts from industry or medicine, and will improve their project presentation skills.


To create a platform and provide conditions that is necessary to combine interested scientists and engineers working in the areas of mechatronics, biology, electronics, material science, manufacturing systems who are interested in understanding how to use scaling laws to improve engineering system?s performance, multi- functionality, robustness, intelligent, while decreasing the cost. In addition, to be able to provide full responsibility to students in order to start, progress, result and report their projects for a real life problem which fits best to their interest.
Relationships ? differences in comparison to other courses already present in the catalogue (if any): This course covers the science, technology, and state-of-the-art in multi-scale systems consist of different length scales. Through this course students will learn how to implement scaling laws to engineering systems that they have in other courses and how to combine multi-scale systems consist of different length scales (nano-, micro-, or macro-scales). Through lectures and hands-on projects, participants will learn how scaling effects in nature and biology can be mimicked in engineering applications as a new technology. Bridging multiple courses.

Learning Outcome

Basic differential and integral calculus, demonstrate knowledge in advanced mathematical topics such as linear algebra, differential equations, complex variables, multivariable calculus, as well as computer science and physics, and use such knowledge in the design and analysis of complex systems containing hardware and software components.
Apply modeling and software techniques and their combinations in the design, simulation, realization and integration of systems such as electrical, electronic, control, fluid, mechanical and heat transfer systems using simulation and analysis programs.
Design and conduct research, do experiments, as well as analyze and interpret data. Modeling and analysis of different engineering systems in conjunction with physical concepts were identified and effect of scaling was formulated.
Affect of Scaling in analyze, design and modeling of different engineering systems, physical phenomenon, their components or processes were investigated using using MATLAB, COMSOL, Basic Statistics in Microsoft Excel, Solidworks.
Understand different disciplines from natural and social sciences to mathematics and art, and develop interdisciplinary approaches in thinking and practice.
Think critically, follow innovations and developments in science and technology, demonstrate personal and organizational entrepreneurship and engage in life-long learning in various subjects.
Communicate effectively by oral, written, graphical and technological means and have competency in English.
Take individual and team responsibility, function effectively and respectively as an individual and a member or a leader of a team.
Development of critical and analytical thinking and questioning skills.

Programme Outcomes
Common Outcomes For All Programs
1 Develop and deepen the current and advanced knowledge in the field with original thought and/or research and come up with innovative definitions based on Master's degree qualifications 5
2 Conceive the interdisciplinary interaction which the field is related with ; come up with original solutions by using knowledge requiring proficiency on analysis, synthesis and assessment of new and complex ideas. 5
3 Evaluate and use new information within the field in a systematic approach. 5
4 Develop an innovative knowledge, method, design and/or practice or adapt an already known knowledge, method, design and/or practice to another field; research, conceive, design, adapt and implement an original subject. 5
5 Critical analysis, synthesis and evaluation of new and complex ideas. 5
6 Gain advanced level skills in the use of research methods in the field of study. 5
7 Contribute the progression in the field by producing an innovative idea, skill, design and/or practice or by adapting an already known idea, skill, design, and/or practice to a different field independently. 5
8 Broaden the borders of the knowledge in the field by producing or interpreting an original work or publishing at least one scientific paper in the field in national and/or international refereed journals. 3
9 Demonstrate leadership in contexts requiring innovative and interdisciplinary problem solving. 3
10 Develop new ideas and methods in the field by using high level mental processes such as creative and critical thinking, problem solving and decision making. 4
11 Investigate and improve social connections and their conducting norms and manage the actions to change them when necessary. 3
12 Defend original views when exchanging ideas in the field with professionals and communicate effectively by showing competence in the field. 5
13 Ability to communicate and discuss orally, in written and visually with peers by using a foreign language at least at a level of European Language Portfolio C1 General Level. 5
14 Contribute to the transition of the community to an information society and its sustainability process by introducing scientific, technological, social or cultural improvements. 4
15 Demonstrate functional interaction by using strategic decision making processes in solving problems encountered in the field. 4
16 Contribute to the solution finding process regarding social, scientific, cultural and ethical problems in the field and support the development of these values. 5
Common Outcomes For All Programs
1 Develop the ability to use critical, analytical, and reflective thinking and reasoning 5
2 Reflect on social and ethical responsibilities in his/her professional life. 5
3 Gain experience and confidence in the dissemination of project/research outputs 5
4 Work responsibly and creatively as an individual or as a member or leader of a team and in multidisciplinary environments. 5
5 Communicate effectively by oral, written, graphical and technological means and have competency in English. 5
6 Independently reach and acquire information, and develop appreciation of the need for continuously learning and updating. 4
Common Outcomes ForFaculty of Eng. & Natural Sci.
1 Design and model engineering systems and processes and solve engineering problems with an innovative approach. 5
2 Establish experimental setups, conduct experiments and/or simulations. 4
3 Analytically acquire and interpret data. 5
Mechatronics Engineering (with thesis) Program Outcomes Core Electives
1 Apply software, modeling, instrumentation, and experimental techniques and their combinations in the design and integration of electrical, electronic, control and mechanical systems. 5
2 Interact with researchers from different disciplines to exchange ideas and identify areas of research collaboration to advance the frontiers of present knowledge and technology; determine relevant solution approaches and apply them by preparing a research strategy. 5
3 Take part in ambitious and highly challenging research to generate value for both the industry and society. 5
Physics (non-thesis) Program Outcomes Core Electives
1 Employ mathematical methods to solve physical problems and understand relevant numerical techniques. 5
2 Conduct basic experiments or simulations. 4
3 Analytically acquire and interpret data. 5
4 Establish thorough understanding of the fundamental principles of physics. 5
Electronics Engineering (with thesis) Program Outcomes Area Electives
1 Use advanced Math (including probability and/or statistics), advanced sciences, advanced computer and programming, and advanced Electronics engineering knowledge to design and analyze complex electronics circuits, instruments, software and electronic systems with hardware/software. 4
2 Analyze and design advanced communication networks and systems, advanced signal processing algorithms or software using advanced knowledge on diff. equations, linear algebra, complex variables and discrete math. 4
Molecular Biology, Genetics and Bioengineering (with thesis) Program Outcomes Area Electives
1 Apply knowledge of key concepts in biology, with an emphasis on molecular genetics, biochemistry and molecular and cell biology. 3
2 Display an awareness of the contemporary biological issues in relation with other scientific areas. 4
3 Demonstrate hands-on experience in a wide range of biological experimental techniques. 3
Industrial Engineering (with thesis) Program Outcomes Area Electives
1 Establish a strong theoretical background in several of a broad range of subjects related to the discipline, such as manufacturing processes, service systems design and operation, production planning and control, modeling and optimization, stochastics, statistics. 3
2 Develop novel modeling and / or analytical solution strategies for problems in integrated production and service systems involving human capital, materials, information, equipment, and energy, also using an interdisciplinary approach whenever appropriate. 3
3 Implement solution strategies on a computer platform for decision-support purposes by employing effective computational and experimental tools. 3
4 Acquire skills to independently explore and tackle problems related to the discipline that were not encountered previously. Develop appropriate modeling, solution, implementation strategies, and assess the quality of the outcome. 3
Energy Technologies and Management (with thesis) Program Outcomes Area Electives
1 Assess and identify developments, strategies, opportunities and problems in energy security and energy technologies. 5
2 Define and solve technical, economic and administrative problems in energy businesses. 3
3 Establish knowledge and understanding of energy security, energy technologies, energy markets and strategic planning in energy enterprises. 2
4 Demonstrate an awareness of environmental concerns and their importance in developing engineering solutions and new technologies. 5
5 Acquire a series of social and technical proficiencies for project management and leadership skills. 3
Materials Science and Engineering (with thesis) Program Outcomes Area Electives
1 Apply a broad knowledge of structure & microstructure of all classes of materials, and the ability to use this knowledge to determine the material properties. 2
2 Apply a broad understanding of the relationships between material properties, performance and processing. 3
3 Apply a broad understanding of thermodynamics, kinetics, transport phenomena, phase transformations and materials aspects of advanced technology. 2
4 Demonstrate hands-on experience using a wide range of materials characterization techniques. 2
5 Demonstrate the use of results from interpreted data to improve the quality of research, a product, or a product in materials science and engineering. 3
Computer Science and Engineering (with thesis) Program Outcomes Area Electives
1 Apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering in computer science and engineering related problems. 5
2 Display knowledge of contemporary issues in computer science and engineering and apply to a particular problem. 4
3 Demonstrate the use of results from interpreted data to improve the quality of research or a product in computer science and engineering. 4
Assessment Methods and Criteria
  Percentage (%)
Midterm 10
Participation 25
Written Report 20
Presentation 25
Homework 20