Political Tought:Issues,Concepts,Debates (POLS 505)

2014 Spring
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Political Science(POLS)
3
10.00
Faik Kurtulmu┼č afaikkurtulmus@sabanciuniv.edu,
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English
Doctoral, Master
--
Interactive lecture,Seminar,On-line task/distance
Interactive,Learner centered,Communicative,Discussion based learning
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CONTENT

This course aims to introduce political science graduate students to some of the main concepts, theories and debates in political thought. The focus of the course will be to orovide a seminar in which students can wrestle with some of the fundamental questions that political scientists ask themselves. Hence, the course's aims are two-fold: To give the students a chance to familiarize themselves with major theories and debates in political philosophy, and to encourage analytical and critical skills necessary for graduate work.

LEARNING OUTCOME

? Demonstrate substantive knowledge of political philosophy in the medieval and the early modern period.
? Describe and compare the key political doctrines of the medieval and the early modern west with those that shaped the islamic empires from the Umayyid Period to the ottoman classical age.
? Demonstrate the ability to compare definitions of sovereignity, state power and citizenship in Europe and the Islamic world in the same period.
? Analyze how concepts of autonomy civility, civic duty, rights and obligations, means of rule and government and the concept of jurisdiction were defined by medieval thinkers in the east and west.
? Compare the Roman Legacy and medieval custom with the principles and norms of government according to Muslim thinkers.

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES


1. Develop and deepen the current and advanced knowledge in the field with original thought and/or research and come up with innovative definitions based on Master's degree qualifications 5

2. Conceive the interdisciplinary interaction which the field is related with ; come up with original solutions by using knowledge requiring proficiency on analysis, synthesis and assessment of new and complex ideas. 4

3. Evaluate and use new information within the field in a systematic approach. 4

4. Develop an innovative knowledge, method, design and/or practice or adapt an already known knowledge, method, design and/or practice to another field; research, conceive, design, adapt and implement an original subject. 3

5. Critical analysis, synthesis and evaluation of new and complex ideas. 5

6. Gain advanced level skills in the use of research methods in the field of study. 3

7. Contribute the progression in the field by producing an innovative idea, skill, design and/or practice or by adapting an already known idea, skill, design, and/or practice to a different field independently. 4

8. Broaden the borders of the knowledge in the field by producing or interpreting an original work or publishing at least one scientific paper in the field in national and/or international refereed journals. 3

9. Demonstrate leadership in contexts requiring innovative and interdisciplinary problem solving. 2

10. Develop new ideas and methods in the field by using high level mental processes such as creative and critical thinking, problem solving and decision making. 4

11. Investigate and improve social connections and their conducting norms and manage the actions to change them when necessary. 4

12. Defend original views when exchanging ideas in the field with professionals and communicate effectively by showing competence in the field. 4

13. Ability to communicate and discuss orally, in written and visually with peers by using a foreign language at least at a level of European Language Portfolio C1 General Level. 1

14. Contribute to the transition of the community to an information society and its sustainability process by introducing scientific, technological, social or cultural improvements. 1

15. Demonstrate functional interaction by using strategic decision making processes in solving problems encountered in the field. 1

16. Contribute to the solution finding process regarding social, scientific, cultural and ethical problems in the field and support the development of these values. 5


1. Develop the ability to use critical, analytical, and reflective thinking and reasoning 5

2. Reflect on social and ethical responsibilities in his/her professional life. 4

3. Gain experience and confidence in the dissemination of project/research outputs 4

4. Work responsibly and creatively as an individual or as a member or leader of a team and in multidisciplinary environments. 4

5. Communicate effectively by oral, written, graphical and technological means and have competency in English. 5

6. Independently reach and acquire information, and develop appreciation of the need for continuously learning and updating. 5


1. Develop a thorough knowledge of theories, concepts, and research methods in the field and apply them in research design and data analysis. 4

2. Assess the impact of the economic, social, and political environment from a global, national and regional level. 4

3. Know how to access written and visual, primary and secondary sources of information, interpret concepts and data from a variety of sources in developing disciplinary and interdisciplinary analyses. 3


1. Design and model engineering systems and processes and solve engineering problems with an innovative approach.

2. Establish experimental setups, conduct experiments and/or simulations.

3. Analytically acquire and interpret data.


1. Begin to grasp historical evolution and contemporary character of world politics. 4

RECOMENDED or REQUIRED READINGS

Readings

Introduction & Utilitarianism
Sections 5 and 9 of Rawls, J. (1999). A Theory of Justice. Oxford University Press, Oxford, rev. edition.
Chapter 2 of Kymlicka, W. (2002). Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2nd ed edition.
McDermott, D. (2008). Analytical political philosophy. In Leopold, D. and Stears, M., editors, Political theory : methods and approaches, pages 11?28. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Rawls?s Theory of Justice
Parts 1-3 of Rawls, J. (2001a). Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.
Pages 52-75 of Kymlicka, W. (2002). Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2nd ed edition.

Libertarianism
Chapter 7 of Nozick, R. (1974). Anarchy, State and Utopia. Basil Blackwell, Oxford. Pages of 19-102 of Cohen, G. A. (1995). Self-Ownership, Freedom, and Equality. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Chapter 4 of Kymlicka, W. (2002). Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2nd ed edition.

Equality of What?
Dworkin, R. (1981a). What is equality? part 1: Equality of welfare. Philosophy & Public Affairs, 10(3):185?246.
Dworkin, R. (1981b). What is equality? part 2: Equality of resources. Philosophy & Public Affairs, 10(4):283?345.
Cohen, G. A. (1989a). On the currency of egalitarian justice. Ethics, 99(4):906? 944.
Anderson, E. (1999). What is the point of equality? Ethics, 109(2):287?337.

Global justice
Introduction and chapters 5 and 8 of Pogge, T. (2002). World poverty and human
rights : cosmopolitan responsibilities and reforms. Polity, Cambridge.
Rawls, J. (2001b). The Law of Peoples: With, The Idea of Public Reason Revisited.
Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.
Nagel, T. (2005). The problem of global justice. Philosophy & Public Affairs, 33(2):113?147.
Julius, A. J. (2006). Nagel?s atlas. Philosophy & Public Affairs, 34(2):176?192.

Institutional proposals
Sections 41, 42 and 49 of Rawls, J. (2001a). Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.
O?Neill, M. (2012). Free (and fair) markets without capitalism. In Williamson, T. and O?Neill, M., editors, Property-owning democracy : Rawls and beyond, pages 75?100. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester.
Selections from Piketty, T. (2014). Capital in the twenty-first century. Harvard University Press, Boston, MA.

What is freedom?
Berlin, I. (1998). Two concepts of liberty. In ?e Proper Study of Mankind: An Anthology of Essays, pages 191?242. Pimlico, London.
MacCallum, G. C. (1967). Negative and positive freedom. ?e Philosophical Re- view, 76(3):312?334.
Cohen, G. A. (2011a). Freedom and money. In Otsuka, M., editor, On the Cur- rency of Egalitarian Justice, and Other Essays in Political Philosophy, pages 166?192. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Freedom of expression
Chapters 1-2 of Mill, J. S. (1991). Utilitarianism. In Collected Works, volume 10. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Cohen, J. (1993). Freedom of expression. Philosophy & Public Affairs, 22(3):207? 263.
Scanlon, T. (1972). A theory of freedom of expression. Philosophy & Public Af- fairs, 1(2):204?226.
Selections from Meiklejohn, A. (1948). Free speech and its relation to self-government. Harper, New York.

Electoral and Liberal Democracy
Gutmann, A. (2012). Democracy. In Goodin, R. E., Pettit, P., and Pogge, T., editors, A companion to contemporary political philosophy, pages 521?531. Wiley- Blackwell, Chichester, 2nd ed.. edition.
Chapters 21 and 22 of Schumpeter, J. A. (2010). Capitalism, socialism and democ- racy. Routledge, London.
Chapter 1 of Diamond, L. J. (1999). Developing democracy: toward consolidation. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore ; London.
Chapters 6-8 and 15 of Dahl, R. A. (1989). Democracy and its critics. Yale Univer- sity Press, New Haven.

Deliberative democracy
Cohen, J. (1997a). Deliberation and democratic legitimacy. In Bohman, J. F. and Rehg, W., editors, Deliberative Democracy: Essays on Reason and Politics, pages 67? 91. ?e MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
Cohen, J. (1997b). Procedure and substance in deliberative democracy. In Bohman, J. F. and Rehg, W., editors, Deliberative Democracy: Essays on Reason and Politics, pages 407?437. The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
Benhabib, S. (1996). Towards a deliberative model of democratic legitimacy. In Benhabib, S., editor, Democracy and Difference: Contesting the Boundaries of the Po- litical, pages 67?94. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
Mouffe, C. (1999). Deliberative democracy or agonistic pluralism? Social Research, 66(3):745?758.

The value of democracy
Christiano, T. (2003). An argument for democratic equality. In Christiano, T., editor, Philosophy and democracy: an anthology, pages 39?68. Oxford University Press, New York ; Oxford.
Estlund, D. (1997). Beyond fairness and deliberation: The epistemic dimension of democratic authority. In Bohman, J. F. and Rehg, W., editors, Deliberative Democ- racy: Essays on Reason and Politics, pages 173?204. The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
Chapter 1-3 of Brettschneider, C. L. (2007). Democratic rights: the substance of self-government. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

The communitarian critique
Chapters 1-3 of Taylor, C. (1989). Sources of the self : the making of the modern identity. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Sandel, M. J. (1984). The procedural republic and the unencumbered self. Political Theory, 12(1):81?96.
Chapter 14 and 15 of MacIntyre, A. C. (2007). After virtue: a study in moral theory. Duckworth, London, 3rd ed. edition.

Politics of Recognition 1
Taylor, C. (1992). The politics of recognition. In Gutmann, A., editor, Multicul- turalism, pages 25?73. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
Patten, A. (2009). Survey article: The justification of minority language rights. Journal of Political Philosophy, 17(1):102?128.
Chapters 5 and 6 of Kymlicka, W. (1995). Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Chapters 2 and 3 of Barry, B. (2001). Culture and Equality: An Egalitarian Critique of Multiculturalism. Polity Press, Cambridge.

Politics of Recognition 2
Chapter 1, 2 and 6 of Young, I. M. (1990). Justice and the politics of difference. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
Fraser, N. (1995). From redistribution to recognition? dilemmas of justice in a ?Post-Socialist? age. New Left Review, (212):68?93.
Chapter 7 of Barry, B. (2001). Culture and Equality: An Egalitarian Critique of Multiculturalism. Polity Press, Cambridge.