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Code POLS 550
Term 201702
Title Turkish Politics
Faculty Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Subject Political Science(POLS)
SU Credit 3
ECTS Credit 10.00
Instructor(s) Ahmet Evin -aevin@sabanciuniv.edu,
Language of Instruction English
Level of Course Doctoral
Master
Type of Course Click here to view.
Prerequisites
(only for SU students)
--
Mode of Delivery Formal lecture
Planned Learning Activities Interactive
Content

This course aims to provide a systematic historical review of classic and contemporary literature on the Turkish political institutions and processes from the Ottoman period to the present. Special attention will be paid to public policy making processes, forms of political participation, organisation and structure of diffrent levels of government institutions and mass movements.

Objective

The primary objective of the course is to enable the students to understand and analyze the complexities and developments of political life, institutions and processes, as well as the socio-economic factors that influence the political system in Turkey. An equally significant aim of the course is to provide the students with the theoretical background and analytical tools to render their own political analyses of the Turkish political system, in the context of the field of comparative politics and of the political science discipline.

Learning Outcome

At the end of the module students will be able to:
1) Comprehend the approaches, theories, and concepts used to explain developments in Turkish politics.
2) Identify main pitfalls, fallacies and challenges in conducting research in Turkish politics.
3) Analyze the relevant political science literature by reference to empirical evidence on Turkish politics.
4) Develop research questions and pertinent designs to analyze phenomena, events, and issues in Turkish politics.
5) Identify the major concepts, approaches, and research techniques in Turkish politics.
6) Compare the political science literature on Turkish Politics with other similar and dissimilar cases in Comparative Politics.
7) Engage in interpretation and reasoned criticism of research practices and arguments in Turkish politics.
8) Apply abstract logical and research tools, ideas and concepts to actual events and outcomes
9) Formulating research questions, corresponding hypothesis, and empirical testing of hypothesis using relevant techniques, such as mathematical statistics.

Programme Outcomes
 
Common Outcomes For All Programs
1 Develop and deepen the current and advanced knowledge in the field with original thought and/or research and come up with innovative definitions based on Master's degree qualifications 5
2 Conceive the interdisciplinary interaction which the field is related with ; come up with original solutions by using knowledge requiring proficiency on analysis, synthesis and assessment of new and complex ideas. 3
3 Evaluate and use new information within the field in a systematic approach. 4
4 Develop an innovative knowledge, method, design and/or practice or adapt an already known knowledge, method, design and/or practice to another field; research, conceive, design, adapt and implement an original subject. 3
5 Critical analysis, synthesis and evaluation of new and complex ideas. 3
6 Gain advanced level skills in the use of research methods in the field of study. 2
7 Contribute the progression in the field by producing an innovative idea, skill, design and/or practice or by adapting an already known idea, skill, design, and/or practice to a different field independently. 2
8 Broaden the borders of the knowledge in the field by producing or interpreting an original work or publishing at least one scientific paper in the field in national and/or international refereed journals. 2
9 Demonstrate leadership in contexts requiring innovative and interdisciplinary problem solving. 2
10 Develop new ideas and methods in the field by using high level mental processes such as creative and critical thinking, problem solving and decision making. 2
11 Investigate and improve social connections and their conducting norms and manage the actions to change them when necessary. 2
12 Defend original views when exchanging ideas in the field with professionals and communicate effectively by showing competence in the field. 3
13 Ability to communicate and discuss orally, in written and visually with peers by using a foreign language at least at a level of European Language Portfolio C1 General Level. 4
14 Contribute to the transition of the community to an information society and its sustainability process by introducing scientific, technological, social or cultural improvements. 2
15 Demonstrate functional interaction by using strategic decision making processes in solving problems encountered in the field. 1
16 Contribute to the solution finding process regarding social, scientific, cultural and ethical problems in the field and support the development of these values. 1
Common Outcomes For All Programs
1 Develop the ability to use critical, analytical, and reflective thinking and reasoning 5
2 Reflect on social and ethical responsibilities in his/her professional life. 5
3 Gain experience and confidence in the dissemination of project/research outputs 3
4 Work responsibly and creatively as an individual or as a member or leader of a team and in multidisciplinary environments. 3
5 Communicate effectively by oral, written, graphical and technological means and have competency in English. 4
6 Independently reach and acquire information, and develop appreciation of the need for continuously learning and updating. 4
1 Design and model engineering systems and processes and solve engineering problems with an innovative approach.
2 Establish experimental setups, conduct experiments and/or simulations.
3 Analytically acquire and interpret data.
Common Outcomes ForFaculty of Arts & Social Sci.
1 Develop a thorough knowledge of theories, concepts, and research methods in the field and apply them in research design and data analysis. 5
2 Assess the impact of the economic, social, and political environment from a global, national and regional level. 3
3 Know how to access written and visual, primary and secondary sources of information, interpret concepts and data from a variety of sources in developing disciplinary and interdisciplinary analyses. 4
Turkish Studies (with thesis) Program Outcomes Required Courses
1 Have knowledge of a comprehensive and integrated picture of contemporary Turkey, including all its promise and problems. 5
2 Have knowledge of an up-to-date grasp of the overall shape and basic outlines of the country?s history; the complexity of the multiple and often contradictory strands of its culture; the fundamental structures and emerging dynamics of its economy; and the basic setting, enduring legacies as well as shifting realignments of its politics. 5
3 Have a sensitive appreciation of the possible paths and choices it faces early in the 21st century. 4
4 Able to Respond to the international demand for knowledge about the history, culture, languages, politics and economy of Turkey. 4
5 Able to Independently formulate critical research questions, and pursue them into a deepening knowledge of the subject. 5
Political Science (with thesis) Program Outcomes Core Electives
1 Begin to grasp historical evolution and contemporary character of world politics. 4
1 Establish a strong theoretical background in several of a broad range of subjects related to the discipline, such as manufacturing processes, service systems design and operation, production planning and control, modeling and optimization, stochastics, statistics.
2 Develop novel modeling and / or analytical solution strategies for problems in integrated production and service systems involving human capital, materials, information, equipment, and energy, also using an interdisciplinary approach whenever appropriate.
3 Implement solution strategies on a computer platform for decision-support purposes by employing effective computational and experimental tools.
4 Acquire skills to independently explore and tackle problems related to the discipline that were not encountered previously. Develop appropriate modeling, solution, implementation strategies, and assess the quality of the outcome.
1 Be informed about the design and implementation processes of international policies in Turkey and around the world.
2 Understand the historical development and current functioning of international structures and establishments.
3 Comprehend the structures, roles, and functions of international, regional and inter-governmental organizations.
4 Develop an understanding of the process of foreign policy making, along with its bureaucratic structure, actor-structure relationship, and the interaction with domestic political environment and actors; and to acquire the ability to appraise the effects thereof and to bring forth suggestions for improvement.
5 Obtain the scientific background and formation leading to advanced academic study.
1 Apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering in computer science and engineering related problems.
2 Display knowledge of contemporary issues in computer science and engineering and apply to a particular problem.
3 Demonstrate the use of results from interpreted data to improve the quality of research or a product in computer science and engineering.
Assessment Methods and Criteria
  Percentage (%)
Final 30
Midterm 50
Participation 20
Recommended or Required Reading
Readings

1. Approaches to Turkish Politics (weeks 1-2)

Niyazi Berkes, The Development of Secularism in Turkey, (Montreal: McGill Univ. Press, 1964): 3 - 250 (Introduction - Chap. 8).

Serif Mardin (1975), "Center-Periphery Relations: A Key to Turkish Politics?" in Engin D. Akarl? and Gabriel Ben-Dor (eds.), Political Participation in Turkey: Historical Background and Present Problems, (Istanbul: Bo?azici University Press): 7-32.

Ergun Ozbudun, "Development of Democratic Government in Turkey", in Ergun Ozbudun (ed.), Perspectives on Democracy in Turkey, (Ankara: Turkish Political Science Association Publication, 1988): 1-58.

Ca?lar Keyder, "The Agrarian Background and the Origins of the Turkish Bourgeoisie", in Ayse Oncu, Ca?lar Keyder, Saad Eddin Ibrahim (eds.), Developmentalism and Beyond: Society and Politics in Egypt and Turkey, (Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 1994): 44-72.

Suggested Reading:

Ca?lar Keyder, Turkiye'de Devlet ve S?n?flar, (cev. Sabri Tekay), (2. Bask?) (?stanbul: ?letisim Yay?nlar?, 1990): 9-195.

2. Political Culture: The People and Their Polity (week 3)

?lter Turan, "The Evolution of Political Culture in Turkey," in Ahmet Evin, Modern Turkey: Continuity and Change, (Berlin: Leske Verlag and Budrich, 1984): 84-112.

Frank Tachau, TURKEY: The Politics of Authority, Democracy, and Development, (New York, Praeger, 1984), 13-34.

Frederick W. Frey, "Patterns of Elite Politics in Turkey," in G. Lenczowski (ed.) Political Elites in the Middle East, (Washington D.C.: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 1975): 41 - 82.

Ersin Kalayc?o?lu, "Political Culture and Regime Stability: The Case of Turkey," Bo?azici University, Journal of Economic and Administraitve Studies, vol. 2, no. 2, (Summer 1988): 149-79.

Y?lmaz Esmer, Devrim, Evrim, Statuko: Turkiye'de Sosyal, Siyasal ve Ekonomik De?erler, (?stanbul: TESEV, 1999), passim.

Selected Reading:

Umut Ozk?r?ml? and Spyros A. Sofos, Tormented by History: Nationalism in Greece and Turkey, (London: Hurst & Co.: 2008): passim.

Ersin Kalayc?o?lu, "Turkiye'de Demokrasi'nin Pekismesi: Bir Siyasal Kultur Sorunu", Prof. Dr. Ergun Ozbudun'a Arma?an: Essays in Honor of Ergun Ozbudun, Cilt 1 (Siyaset Bilimi), (Ankara: Yetkin Bas?mevi, 2008): 247 - 277.

3. Political Regime (week 4)

Ergun Ozbudun, Contemporary Turkish Politics: Challenges to Democratic Consolidation, (Boulder, London: Lynne Reinner, 2000): 49-71.

Mumtaz Soysal, Dinamik Anayasa Anlay?s?: Anayasa Diyalekti?i Uzerine bir Deneme, (Ankara: Sevinc Matbaas?, 1969): 1-106.

Ersin Kalayc?o?lu, Turkish Dynamics: Bridge Across Troubled Lands (New York: Palgrave - Macmillan, 2005): 15 - 188.

Ersin Kalayc?o?lu, "From Parliamentary Uni-partyism to Fragmented Multi-partyism:
The Odyssey of Political Regimes in the Turkish Republic," (Paper prepared for Publication in the FUNDAMENTA, Leiden, Netherlands).

Suggested Readings:

Ergun Ozbudun, 1921 Anayasas?, (Ankara: Ataturk Kultur, Dil ve Tarih Yuksek Kurumu, Ataturk Arast?rma Merkezi, 1992): 1-84.

4. Political Institutions: State and Politics (An Overview) (week 5)

Metin Heper, State Tradition in Turkey, (Walkington, UK: The Eothen Press, 1985): passim.

Ersin Kalayc?o?lu, "Constitutional Viability and Political Institutions in Turkish Democracy" in Abdo I. Baaklini and Helen Desfosses, (eds.) Designs for Democratic Stability: Studies in Viable Constitutionalism, (Armonk, New York, London, England: M. E. Sharpe, 1997): 179-210.

Mid-term I: Week 6 (November 5, 2008)


4. 1. The Legislative System (weeks 7)

Marvin Weinbaum, "Classification and Change in Legislative Systems: With Particular Application to Iran, Turkey, and Afghanistan," in . R. Boynton, and Chong L. Kim (eds.) Legislative Systems in Developing Countries, (Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1975): 31-68.

Chong L. Kim et. al., The Legislative Connection: The Politics of Representation in Kenya, Korea, and Turkey, (Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1984): 87-115.

Ersin Kalayc?o?lu, "Cyclical Breakdown, Redesign, and Nascent Institutionalization: the Turkish Grand National Assembly," in Ulrike Liebert, and Maurizio Cotta (eds.) Parliament and Democratic Consolidation in Southern Europe, (London, New York: Francis Pinter, 1990): 184-222.

Ersin Kalayc?o?lu, "The Turkish Grand National Assembly: A Brief Inquiry into the Politics of Representation in Turkey" in Ci?dem Bal?m et. al. (eds.) Turkey: Political, Social and Economic Challenges in the 1990s. (Leiden, New York, Koln: E.J. Brill, 1995): 42-60.

Ersin Kalayc?o?lu, "Turkiye'de Siyasal Sistemin Evrimi ve Yasama Sistemi" Bilanco 1923-1998: Turkiye Cumhuriyeti'nin 75 y?l?na Toplu Bak?s" Uluslararas? Kongresi, Cilt I, 1999: 95-110.

Ilter Turan, "Volatility in Politics, Stability in Parliament: An Impossible Dream? The Turkish Grand National Assembly during the Last Two Decades", The Journal of Legislative Studies, vol. 9, no. 2, (Summer 2003):151 -176.

Suggested Reading:

Ahmet Naki Yucekok, Turkiye'de Parlamento'nun Evrimi, (Ankara: Ankara Universitesi Yay?n?, 1983): 157-188.

4. 2. Executive and the Bureaucracy (week 7 - 8)

Metin Heper, "Bureaucrats, Politicians and Officiers in Turkey," in Ahmet Evin (ed.), Modern Turkey: 64 - 83.

Ergun Ozbudun, Contemporary Turkish Politics: Challenges to Democratic Consolidation, (Boulder, London: Lynne Reinner, 2000): 105 - 23.

Metin Heper, "State, Democracy and Bureaucracy in Turkey, in Metin Heper (ed.), The State and Public Bureaucracies: A Comparative Perspective, (New York: Greenwood Press, 1987): 131 - 145.

William Hale, Turkish Politics and the Military, (London: Routledge, 1994), passim.

Kemal H. Karpat, "Military Interventions: Army-Civilian Relations in Turkey Before and After 1980," in M. Heper and A. Evin (eds.) State, Democracy and the Military in Turkey in the 1980s, (Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1988): 137 - 158.

William Hale, "Transition to Civilian Governments in Turkey: The Military Perspective" in M. Heper and A. Evin (eds.) State, Democracy and the Military in Turkey in the 1980s, (Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1988): 159 - 75.

George Harris, "The Role of the Military in Turkey in the 1980s: Guardians or Decision-Makers?" in M. Heper and A. Evin (eds.) State, Democracy and the Military in Turkey in the 1980s, (Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1988): 177 - 200.

Ergun Ozbudun, Contemporary Turkish Politics: Challenges to Democratic Consolidation, (Boulder, London: Lynne Reinner, 2000): 105-123.

Suggested Reading:

Umit Cizre-Sakall?o?lu, AP-Ordu ?liskileri: Bir ?kilemin Anatomisi, (?stanbul: ?letisim Yay?nlar?, 1993), passim.

4.3. Elections and Voting Behavior (weeks 8-9)

Ustun Erguder, (1980-81) "Changing Patterns of Electoral Politics in Turkey" Bo?azici Universitesi Dergisi (Sosyal Bilimler), vol. 8-9: 45-69.

Ustun Erguder and Richard Hofferbert, "The 1983 General Elections in Turkey" in Metin Heper and Ahmet Evin (eds.) State, Democracy and the Military: Turkey in the 1980s (Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1988): 81-102.

Ersin Kalayc?o?lu, "Elections and Party Preferences in Turkey: Changes and Continuities in the 1990s" Comparative Political Studies, 27, (October 1994): 402 - 424.

Y?lmaz Esmer, "Parties and the Electorate: A Comparative Analysis of Voter Profiles of Turkish Political Parties," in Ci?dem Balim et. al. (eds.) Turkey: Political, Social and Economic Challenges in the 1990s. (Leiden, New York, Koln: E. J. Brill, 1995): Chap. 5

Ersin Kalayc?o?lu, "The Shaping of Party Preferences in Turkey: Coping with the Post-Cold War Era" New Perspectives on Turkey, (Spring 1999), 20: 47-76.

Y?lmaz Esmer, "At the Ballot Box: Determinants of Voting Behavior" in Sabri Sayar? and Y?lmaz Esmer (eds.) Politics, Parties and Elections, (Boulder, and London: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002): 91 - 114.

Ali Carkoglu and Ersin Kalayc?o?lu, Turkish Democracy Today: Elections, Protest and Stability in an Islamic Society, (London: I. B. Tauris, 2007): pp. 22 - 42 and pp. 113 - 221.

Ali Carko?lu, "Ideology or Economic Pragmatism?: Profiling Turkish Voters in 2007," Turkish Studies, vol. 9, no. 2, (June 2008): pp. 317 -344.

Ersin Kalayc?o?lu, "Attitudinal Orientation to Party Organizations in Turkey in the 2000s," Turkish Studies, vol. 9, no. 2, (June 2008): pp. 297 - 316.


Suggested Reading:

Ersin Kalayc?o?lu, "Elections and Governance" in Sabri Sayar? ve Y?lmaz Esmer (eds.) Politics, Parties, and Elections in Turkey, (Boulder, London: Lynne Reinner, 2002): 55-71.

William Hale, "The Electoral System and the 2007 Elections: Effects and Debates," Turkish Studies, vol. 9, no. 2, (June 2008): pp. 233 - 246.

4.4. Political Parties and the Party System in Turkey (weeks 9-10)

Ersin Onulduran, Political Development and Political Parties in Turkey, (Ankara: Ankara Universitesi, Siyasal Bilgiler Fakultesi, 1974): passim.

Metin Heper and Jacob M. Landau (eds.) Political Parties and Democracy in Turkey. (London: I. B. Tauris, 1990): passim.

Ergun Ozbudun, Contemporary Turkish Politics: Challenges to Democratic Consolidation, (Boulder, London: Lynne Reinner, 2000): 73-103.

William Hale, "Democracy and the Party System in Turkey," in in Brian W. Beeley (ed.) Turkish Transformation: New Century - New Challenges, (Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, England: The Eothen Press, 2002): 165 - 197.

Barry Rubin and Metin Heper (eds.), Political Parties in Turkey, (London, Portland OR: Frank Cass, 2002): passim.

Sabri Sayar?, "The Changing Party System," in Sabri Sayar? and Y?lmaz Esmer (eds.) Politics, Parties and Elections, (Boulder, and London: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002): 9 - 32.

Umit Cizre (ed.) Secular and Islamic Politics in Turkey: The Making of the Justice and Development Party, (London and New York: Routledge, 2008): passim.

Suggested Readings:

Tar?k Z. Tunaya, Turkiye'de Siyasal Partiler I, (?stanbul: Hurriyet Yay?nlar?, 1984): passim.

Tar?k Z. Tunaya, Op. cit. II, (?stanbul: Hurriyet Yay?nlar?, 1986): passim.

Tar?k Z. Tunaya, Op. cit. III, (?stanbul: Hurriyet Yay?nlar?, 1989): passim.


Mid-term II: Week 9 (November 26, 2008)


5. Interest Groups and Civil Society (week 11)

Robert Bianchi, Interest Groups and Political Developmet in Turkey, (Princeton, New Jersey, Princeton Univ. Press, 1984), chaps. 5-7.

M. Heper, "Interest Group Politics in post-1980 Turkey: Lingering Monism," in Metin Heper (ed.) Strong State and Economic Interest Groups, (Berlin, New York, Walter de Gruyter, 1991): 163-76.

Ergun Ozbudun, Contemporary Turkish Politics: Challenges to Democratic Consolidation: 125 - 147.

Nilufer Gole, "Authoritarian Secularism and Islamist Politics: The Case of Turkey," in Augustus Richard Norton (ed.), Civil Society in the Middle East, (Leiden, New York and Koln: E. J. Brill, 1996): 17-43.

Binnaz Toprak, "Civil Society in Turkey," in Augustus Richard Norton (ed.), Civil Society in the Middle East, (Leiden, New York, and Koln: E. J. Brill, 1996): 87-118.

Ersin Kalayc?o?lu, "Civil Society in Turkey: Continuity or Change?", in Brian W. Beeley (ed.) Turkish Transformation: New Century - New Challenges, (Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, England: The Eothen Press, 2002): 59-78.

Ersin Kalayc?o?lu , "State and Civil Society in Turkey: Democracy, Development and Protest" in Amyn B. Sajoo (ed.), Civil Society in the Muslim World: Contemporary Perspectives, (London, New York: I. B. Tauris, 2002): 247-272.

6. Political Economy (weeks 12 - 13)

William Hale, The Political and Economic Development of Modern Turkey, (London: Croom Helm, 1981): 33-261.

Rustu Saraco?lu, "Liberalization of the Economy" in Metin Heper (ed.) Politics in the Third Turkish Republic, (Boulder, San Francisco, Oxford: Westview Press, 1994): 63-75.

Selim ?lkin, "Privatization of the State Economic Enterprises" in Metin Heper (ed.) Politics in the Third Turkish Republic, (Boulder, San Francisco, Oxford: Westview Press, 1994): 77-86

Mina Toksoz, "The Economy: Achievements and Prospects", in Brian W. Beeley (ed.) Turkish Transformation: New Century - New Challenges, (Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, England: The Eothen Press, 2002): 141-164.

Ziya Onis, "Domestic Politics versus Global Dynamics: Towards a Political Economy of the 2000 and 2001 Financial Crises in Turkey," Turkish Studies, vol. 4, no. 2, (Summer 2003): 1- 30.

E. Fuat Keyman and Ziya Onis, Turkish Politics in a Changing World: Global Dynamics and Domestic Transformations, (Istanbul, Turkey: Istanbul Bilgi University Press, 2007): passim.


7. Social Mobilization and Political Participation (weeks 13-14)

Ergun Ozbudun, Social Change and Political Participation in Turkey, (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1976): 60-96, and 118-151.

Sabri Sayar?, "Some Notes on the Beginnings of Mass Political Participation in Turkey," in Engin D. Akarl? with Gabriel Ben-Dor (eds.) Political Participation in Turkey: Historical Background and Present Problems, (Bebek, Istanbul: Bo?azici University Pub., 1975): 121-133

Ayse Gunes-Ayata (1994), "Roots and Trends of Clientelism in Turkey" in Luis Roniger and Ayse Gunes-Ayata (eds.), Democracy, Clientelism and Civil Society, (Boulder, London: Lynne Rienner): 49-63.

Ersin Kalayc?o?lu, "Turkiye'de Siyasal Kat?lma ve De?isim," Tarih Vakf?, 75 Y?lda Tebaa'dan Yurttas'a Do?ru, (?stanbul, Tarih Vakf? Yay?nlar?, 1998) icinde 233-40.

Ali Carkoglu and Ersin Kalaycio?lu, Turkish Democracy Today: Elections, Protest and Stability in an Islamic Society, (London: I. B. Tauris, 2007): pp. 1- 21, and pp. 57 - 112.