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Code IR 342
Term 201702
Title Turkish Foreign Policy
Faculty Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Subject International Relations(IR)
SU Credit 3
ECTS Credit 6.00 / 6.00 ECTS (for students admitted in the 2013-14 Academic Year or following years)
Instructor(s) P?nar Akp?nar,
Detailed Syllabus
Language of Instruction English
Level of Course Undergraduate
Type of Course Click here to view.
(only for SU students)
SPS102 SPS101
Mode of Delivery Interactive lecture,Seminar
Planned Learning Activities Interactive,Discussion based learning

A systematic study of contemporary Turkish foreign policy making in a global context. Topics include, major issues, actors, decision making mechanisms, enduring patterns and changing orientations in Turkish Foreign Policy. Issues comprise: Greece and Cyprus; Russia and Bulgaria; Syria, Iraq and Israel; Armenia and Azerbaijan; the European Union; the UN and NATO.


To introduce students to the basics of Turkish foreign policy, identify main challenges in Turkish foreign policy specifically since the end of World War II and enable students to grasp the many complexities in Turkish foreign policy making.

Learning Outcome

Upon successful completion of the course, students should be able to
a) define the major trends in Turkish foreign policy since 1923
b) identify critical changes and turning points in Turkish foreign policy
c) describe the foreign policy-making process in Turkey
d) analyze the linkages between domestic politics and foreign policy
e) differentiate between different theories of foreign policy analysis in assessing Turkish foreign policy

Programme Outcomes
Common Outcomes For All Programs
1 Understand the world, their country, their society, as well as themselves and have awareness of ethical problems, social rights, values and responsibility to the self and to others. 5
2 Understand different disciplines from natural and social sciences to mathematics and art, and develop interdisciplinary approaches in thinking and practice. 5
3 Think critically, follow innovations and developments in science and technology, demonstrate personal and organizational entrepreneurship and engage in life-long learning in various subjects. 5
4 Communicate effectively in Turkish and English by oral, written, graphical and technological means. 5
5 Take individual and team responsibility, function effectively and respectively as an individual and a member or a leader of a team; and have the skills to work effectively in multi-disciplinary teams. 4
Common Outcomes ForFaculty of Arts & Social Sci.
1 Develop a thorough knowledge of theories, concepts, and research methods in the field and apply them in research design and data analysis. 5
2 Assess the impact of the economic, social, and political environment from a global, national and regional level. 5
3 Know how to access written and visual, primary and secondary sources of information, interpret concepts and data from a variety of sources in developing disciplinary and interdisciplinary analyses. 5
Political Science Program Outcomes Core Electives I
1 Understand and follow changes in patterns of political behavior, ideas and structures. 3
2 Develop the ability to make logical inferences about social and political issues on the basis of comparative and historical knowledge. 2
International Studies Program Outcomes Area Electives
1 Analyze global affairs from international relations and economics perspectives. 5
2 Demonstrate theoretical and practical knowledge of the international affairs. 5
3 Compete for increasing opportunities in careers within the newly emerging global institutions. 5
4 Evaluate the international political events and present their views and positions on international affairs with advanced oral and written skills. 5
Assessment Methods and Criteria
  Percentage (%)
Final 40
Midterm 20
Term-Paper 30
Participation 10
Recommended or Required Reading

1. Meltem Muftuler-Bac, ?Through the Looking Glass: Turkey in Europe?, Turkish Studies, vol.1, no.1, Spring 2000, pp.21-35.
2. M..E. Yapp, ?Europe in the Turkish Mirror?, Past and Present, vol.137, 1992, pp.134-155
3. Mustafa Aydin. ?Determinants of Turkish foreign policy: Changing patterns and conjunctures during the Cold War?, Middle Eastern Studies, January 2000. Vol. 36, Iss. 1; pp. 103-140.
4. Ali Karaosmanoglu, ?The evolution of the National Security culture and the military in Turkey?, Journal of International Affairs, vol.54, Fall 2000, pp.199-217.
5. Bruce Kuniholm, ?Turkey and the West?, Foreign Affairs, vol.70, 1991, pp.34-48.
6.Malik Mufti, ?Daring and caution in Turkish foreign policy?, The Middle East Journal. Washington: Winter 1998, Vol. 52, no. 1, pg. 32-51.
7. Sabri Sayari, ?Turkish foreign policy in the post-Cold War era: The challenges of multi-regionalism?, Journal of International Affairs, Fall 2000, Vol. 54, no.1, pp.169-184.
8.Meltem Muftuler-Bac, ?Turkey's Predicament in the Post-Cold War Era?, Futures, vol.28, no.3, April 1996, pp. 255-268.
9.Gulnur Aybet & Meltem Muftuler-Bac, ?Transformations in Security and Identity after the Cold War: Turkey?s problematic relationship with Europe?, International Journal, vol, 55, no.4, December 2000, pp.567-582.
10.Rumelili, Bahar, ?Constructing Identity and Relating to Difference: Understanding the EU?s Mode of Differentiation?, Review of International Studies, 30 (1), 2004, pp.27-47.
11.Ziya Onis,?Turkey in the Post-Cold War era: In search of Identity?, Middle East Journal, vol.49, 1995, pp.48-68.
12.Ahmet Davuto?lu,?Turkey?s Foreign Policy Vision: An Assessment of 2007,? Insight Turkey, 2008, Vol.10, No.1, pp.77-96
13. Fuat Keyman, ?Globalization, Modernity and Democracy: In search of a viable domestic polity for a sustainable Turkish foreign policy?, New Perspectives on Turkey, vol.40, 2009, pp.7-27
14. Meltem Muftuler-Bac, ?Turkish Foreign Policy Change, its Domestic Determinants and the Role of the European Union?, South East European Politics and Society, vol, 16, no.2, June 2011, pp.279-291
15. Ahmet Sozen, ?A Paradigm Shift in Turkish Foreign policy: Transition and Challenges? Turkish Studies, vol.1, no.1, 2010, pp. 103-123.
16.Meltem Muftuler-Bac, Turkey's Relations with a Changing Europe, Ch.3, pp.53-73.
17.Barry Buzan and Thomas Diez, ?The European Union and Turkey?, Survival, vol.41, 1999, pp.41-57.
18. John Redmond, ?Turkey and the European Union: Troubled European or European trouble??, International Affairs, Vol. 83, no.2, March 2007, pp.305.
19.Meltem Muftuler-Bac and Lauren McLaren, Enlargement preferences and policymaking in the EU: Impacts on Turkey, Journal of European Integration,, 2003, vol.25, pp.17-30.
20. Meltem Muftuler-Bac, ?Turkey in the EU?s Enlargement Process: Obstacles and Challenges?, Mediterranean Politics, vol.7, no.2, Summer 2002, pp.79-95
21. Ziya Onis, ?Luxembourg, Helsinki and Beyond: Turkey-EU Relations?, Government and Opposition, vol.35, no.4, (2000), 463-483.
22. Meltem Muftuler-Bac, ?Turkey?s Accession to the European Union: The EU?s Internal Dynamics?, International Studies Perspectives, vol.9, issue 2, May 2008, 201-219.
23. Ziya Onis, ?Domestic Politics, International Norms and Challenges to the State: Turkey-EU Relations in the post-Helsinki era?, Turkish Studies, 4(1), 2003, 9-35.
24. Gulnur Aybet, ?Turkey and the EU after the first year of negotiations: Reconciling internal and external policy challenges?, Security Dialogue, Volume 37, no.4, December 2006, pp.529-549
25. Meltem Muftuler-Bac Turkey?s role in the European Union?s Security and Foreign Policies, Security Dialogue, vol.31, no.4, December 2000, pp. 489-502.
26. Antonio Missiroli, ?EU-NATO cooperation in crisis management: no Turkish Delight for ESDP?, Security Dialogue, vol.33, no.1, 2002, pp.9-26.
27. Meltem Muftuler-Bac.?Turkey and the European Union's Foreign Policy? Journal of European Integration, Special Issue on European Union?s Foreign Policy, vol.30, no.1, March 2008, pp. 63-78.
28. R.Kreps, ?Perverse Institutionalism: NATO and the Greco-Turkish conflict?, International Organization, vol.53, 1999, 343-377
29.Bahar Rumelili, ?Liminality and Perpetuation of Conflicts: Turkish-Greek Relations in the Context of Community Building by the EU?, European Journal of International Relations, vol.9, no.2, 2003, pp.213-248.
30. Meltem Muftuler-Bac, ?The Cyprus Debacle: What the Future holds?, Futures, vol.31, July 1999, 559-575.
31. NG.Loizides, ?Greek-Turkish dilemmas and the Cyprus EU accession process?
Security Dialogue, vol.33, no.4, 2002, pp. 429-442
32. Meltem Muftuler Bac, ?Turkey and the USA at crossroads: The War in Iraq?, International Journal, vol.61, no.1, Winter 2006, 61-82
33. James E. Kapsis, ?From Desert Storm to Metal Storm: How Iraq Has Spoiled US-Turkish Relations,? Current History, November 2005, 380-88.
34. Aylin Guney, ?An Anatomy of the Transformation of the US-Turkish Alliance: From ?Cold War? to ?War on Iraq?, Turkish Studies, September 2005, pp.341-359.
35. Meliha Altunisik. ?The Turkish-Israeli Rapproachement in the post-Cold War era?
Middle Eastern Studies, April 2000. Vol. 36, Iss. 2; p. 172-192.
36. Meliha Altun?s?k,?World views and Turkish Foreign Policy in the Middle East?, New Perspectives on Turkey, vol.40, 2009. pp.169-192.
37. Meltem Muftuler-Bac and Yaprak Gursoy, Is there a Europeanization of Turkish Foreign Policy?: An Addendum to the Literature on EU Candidates, Turkish Studies, Volume 11, Number 3, September 2010, 405-427.
38. Ziya Onis and Suhnaz Y?lmaz, ?Between Europeanization and Euro-Asianism: Foreign policy activism in Turkey during the AKP era?, Turkish Studies, vol.10, no.1, 2009, pp.7-24.
39. Kemal Kirisci and Kaptanoglu Neslihan, ?The Politics of Trade and Turkish foreign policy?, Middle Eastern Studies. vol.47, no.5, 2011, pp. 705-724

Optional Readings

Recommended Readings

? Iver Neumann and Jennifer Welsh, :?The Other in European self-definition: an addendum to the literature on international society', Review of International Studies, vol.17, 1991, pp.327-348.
? N.K.Burcoglu? The image of the Turk in Europe from 11th to 20the century?, Marmara Journal of European Studies, vol.7, no.2, 1999, pp.187-201.

Ekavi Athanassopoulou, ?Western defence developments and Turkey's search for security in 1948?, Middle Eastern Studies, April 1996, Vol. 32 Issue 2, p77-98

Paul Kubicek, ?Turkish-European relations at a new cross roads?, Middle East Policy, 1999, pp.157-174.
? Meltem Muftuler-Bac and Yannis Stivachtis, (eds.) Turkey-European Union Relations: Dilemmas, Opportunities, and Constraints, Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield-Lexington Books, 2008.
Bar?s Kesgin and Juliet Kaarbo, ?When and How Parliaments Influence Foreign Policy: The Case of Turkey?s Iraq Decision,? International Studies Perspectives (2010), 19-