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Code ES 502
Term 201702
Title Turkey-European Union Relations
Faculty Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Subject European Studies(ES)
SU Credit 3
ECTS Credit 10.00
Instructor(s) Meltem Muftuler-Bac,
Detailed Syllabus
Language of Instruction English
Level of Course Doctoral
Type of Course Click here to view.
(only for SU students)
Mode of Delivery Interactive lecture,Seminar
Planned Learning Activities Interactive,Learner centered,Task based learning

This course analyses Turkey's relations with the EU from political, economical, cultural and social dimensions. It provides the historical background of these relations dating it back to the post World War II order. The course covers the Ankara treaty, Association Agreement, Customs Union and the phases of Turkey's association with the EU. Turkey's position in the EU's enlargement process, and Turkish candidacy are also elaborated in detail


This aim of this course is to analyze Turkey's relations with the EU from political, economical, cultural and social dimensions. The course provides the historical background of these relations dating it back to the post World War II order. The course enables the students to learn the Ankara treaty, Association Agreement, Customs Union and the phases of Turkey's association with the EU. The course furnishes the students with an understanding of Turkey's relations with the EU from political, economical and social points of view

Learning Outcome

* Identify the main dynamics of Turkey-EU relations
* Distinguish between political and economic dimensions of Turkey's EU accession
* List the main obstacles and challenges to Turkey's EU accession
* Grasp the underlying logic of Turkey's relations with the EU
* Apply the enlargement logic to Turkey's accession negotiations with the EU
* Accept the multidimensional character of Turkey's relations with the EU

Programme Outcomes
1 Develop and deepen the current and advanced knowledge in the field with original thought and/or research and come up with innovative definitions based on Master's degree qualifications
2 Conceive the interdisciplinary interaction which the field is related with ; come up with original solutions by using knowledge requiring proficiency on analysis, synthesis and assessment of new and complex ideas.
3 Evaluate and use new information within the field in a systematic approach.
4 Develop an innovative knowledge, method, design and/or practice or adapt an already known knowledge, method, design and/or practice to another field; research, conceive, design, adapt and implement an original subject.
5 Critical analysis, synthesis and evaluation of new and complex ideas.
6 Gain advanced level skills in the use of research methods in the field of study.
7 Contribute the progression in the field by producing an innovative idea, skill, design and/or practice or by adapting an already known idea, skill, design, and/or practice to a different field independently.
8 Broaden the borders of the knowledge in the field by producing or interpreting an original work or publishing at least one scientific paper in the field in national and/or international refereed journals.
9 Demonstrate leadership in contexts requiring innovative and interdisciplinary problem solving.
10 Develop new ideas and methods in the field by using high level mental processes such as creative and critical thinking, problem solving and decision making.
11 Investigate and improve social connections and their conducting norms and manage the actions to change them when necessary.
12 Defend original views when exchanging ideas in the field with professionals and communicate effectively by showing competence in the field.
13 Ability to communicate and discuss orally, in written and visually with peers by using a foreign language at least at a level of European Language Portfolio C1 General Level.
14 Contribute to the transition of the community to an information society and its sustainability process by introducing scientific, technological, social or cultural improvements.
15 Demonstrate functional interaction by using strategic decision making processes in solving problems encountered in the field.
16 Contribute to the solution finding process regarding social, scientific, cultural and ethical problems in the field and support the development of these values.
1 Develop the ability to use critical, analytical, and reflective thinking and reasoning
2 Reflect on social and ethical responsibilities in his/her professional life.
3 Gain experience and confidence in the dissemination of project/research outputs
4 Work responsibly and creatively as an individual or as a member or leader of a team and in multidisciplinary environments.
5 Communicate effectively by oral, written, graphical and technological means and have competency in English.
6 Independently reach and acquire information, and develop appreciation of the need for continuously learning and updating.
1 Develop a thorough knowledge of theories, concepts, and research methods in the field and apply them in research design and data analysis.
2 Assess the impact of the economic, social, and political environment from a global, national and regional level.
3 Know how to access written and visual, primary and secondary sources of information, interpret concepts and data from a variety of sources in developing disciplinary and interdisciplinary analyses.
1 Design and model engineering systems and processes and solve engineering problems with an innovative approach.
2 Establish experimental setups, conduct experiments and/or simulations.
3 Analytically acquire and interpret data.
1 Analyze historical and contemporary developments in Europe, specifically of the European integration process, from a multi-disciplinary perspective.
2 Grasp the main dynamics of the European order, politically, historically and economically.
3 Explain the European integration process and the EU?s decision-making procedures and it?s institutions.
1 Establish a strong theoretical background in several of a broad range of subjects related to the discipline, such as manufacturing processes, service systems design and operation, production planning and control, modeling and optimization, stochastics, statistics.
2 Develop novel modeling and / or analytical solution strategies for problems in integrated production and service systems involving human capital, materials, information, equipment, and energy, also using an interdisciplinary approach whenever appropriate.
3 Implement solution strategies on a computer platform for decision-support purposes by employing effective computational and experimental tools.
4 Acquire skills to independently explore and tackle problems related to the discipline that were not encountered previously. Develop appropriate modeling, solution, implementation strategies, and assess the quality of the outcome.
1 Have knowledge of a comprehensive and integrated picture of contemporary Turkey, including all its promise and problems.
2 Have knowledge of an up-to-date grasp of the overall shape and basic outlines of the country?s history; the complexity of the multiple and often contradictory strands of its culture; the fundamental structures and emerging dynamics of its economy; and the basic setting, enduring legacies as well as shifting realignments of its politics.
3 Have a sensitive appreciation of the possible paths and choices it faces early in the 21st century.
4 Able to Respond to the international demand for knowledge about the history, culture, languages, politics and economy of Turkey.
5 Able to Independently formulate critical research questions, and pursue them into a deepening knowledge of the subject.
Assessment Methods and Criteria
  Percentage (%)
Midterm 25
Term-Paper 60
Participation 15
Recommended or Required Reading

1.Meltem Muftuler-Bac, ?Through the Looking Glass: Turkey in Europe?, Turkish Studies, vol.1, no.1, Spring 2000, pp.21-35.
2. Iver Neumann and Jennifer Welsh, ?The other in European self-definition: an addendum to the literature on international society?, Review of International Studies, vol.17, 1991, pp.327-348.
3. Thomas Diez, ?Constructing the self and changing others: Reconsidering 'normative power Europe?, MILLENNIUM-JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES, Volume: 33, no.3, pp.613-636, 2005
4. Rumelili, Bahar, ?Constructing Identity and Relating to Difference: Understanding the EU?s Mode of Differentiation?, Review of International Studies, 30 (1), 2004, pp.27-47.
5.Mustafa Aydin. ?Determinants of Turkish foreign policy: Changing patterns and conjunctures during the Cold War?, Middle Eastern Studies, January 2000. Vol. 36, Iss. 1; pp. 103-140.
6.Bruce Kuniholm, ?Turkey and the West?, Foreign Affairs, vol.70, 1991, pp.34-48.
7.Meltem Muftuler-Bac, Turkey's Relations with a Changing Europe, Ch.3, pp.53-73.
8. Ziya Onis "An Awkward Partnership: Turkey's Relations with the European Union in Comparative-Historical Perspective". Journal of European Integration History, Vol. 7, No.1, Spring 2001.
9. Meltem Muftuler-Bac, ?The Never-Ending Story: Turkey and the European Union, Middle Eastern Studies, vol.34, no.4, October 1998, 240-258
10. Frank Schimmelfennig, Frank, ?The Community Trap: Liberal Norms, Rhetorical Action, and the Eastern Enlargement of the European Union?, International Organization, 55 (1): 2001, 47-80.
11. Helene Sjursen, ?Why Enlarge?, Journal of Common Market Studies, 40 (3): 2002, 491-515.
12. Andrew Moravscik and Vachudava, Milada ?National interest, state power and the EU Enlargement?, East European Politics and Society, 17 (1): 2008, 42-57.
13.Meltem Muftuler-Bac and Lauren McLaren, ?Enlargement preferences and policymaking in the EU: Impacts on Turkey?, Journal of European Integration,, 2003, vol.25, pp.17-30.
14. Ziya Onis, ?Luxembourg, Helsinki and Beyond: Turkey-EU Relations?, Government and Opposition, vol.35, no.4, (2000), 463-483.
15. John Redmond, ?Turkey and the European Union: Troubled European or European trouble??, International Affairs, Vol. 83, no.2, March 2007, pp.305.
16.Frank Schimmelfennig, Engert Stefan and Knobel, Heiki, ?Costs, Commitment and Compliance: Latvia, Slovakia, Turkey?, Journal of Common Market Studies, 41(3): 2003, 495-518.
17.Ziya Onis, ?Domestic Politics, International Norms and Challenges to the State: Turkey-EU Relations in the post-Helsinki era?, Turkish Studies, 4(1), 2003, 9-35.
18. Meltem Muftuler Bac, ?Turkey?s Political Reforms: The Impact of the European Union?, South east European Politics and Societies, 10 (1): 2005, 16-30.
19.Robert Pahre and Burcu Ucaray-Mangitli, ?The Myths of Turkish Influence in the European Union? Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 47, no.2, March 2009, pp.357-384.
20. Lauren McLaren, Explaining opposition to Turkish membership of the EU, European Union Politics,vol. 8, no.2, June 2007, pp.251-278.
21. Lejour, A.M. and R.A. de Mooij. ?Turkish Delight: Does Turkey's Accession to the EU Bring Economic Benefits?? Kyklos, International Review for Social Sciences. 58(1): 2005, 87-120.
22.Meltem Muftuler-Bac, ?Turkey?s role in the European Union?s Security and Foreign Policies?, Security Dialogue, vol.31, no.4, December 2000, 489-502. (Ingenta)
23. Meltem Muftuler-Bac.?Turkey and the European Union's Foreign Policy? Journal of European Integration, , Special Issue on European Union?s Foreign Policy, vol.30, no.1, March 2008, 63-78.
24. Tarik Oguzlu and Mustafa Kibaroglu, ?Incompatibilities in Turkish and European Security Cultures Diminish Turkey's Prospects for EU Membership?
Middle Eastern Studies, Volume: 44, no.6, pp.945-962, 2008.
25. Meltem Muftuler-Bac, ?The Cyprus Debacle: What the Future holds?, Futures, vol.31, July 1999, 559-575.
26. NG.Loizides, ?Greek-Turkish dilemmas and the Cyprus EU accession process?
Security Dialogue, vol.33, no.4, 2002, pp. 429-442
27. Meltem Muftuler-Bac and Aylin Guney, ?The European Union and the Cyprus Problem?, Middle Eastern Studies, vol.41, no.2, March 2005, pp. 275-287
28.Arzu Kibris and Meltem Muftuler-Bac, ?The accession games: a comparison of three limited-information negotiation designs?, International Studies Perspectives, vol.12, no.4, November 2011, pp.405-433
29. Cederman, L.-E. and Schneider, G. (1994). ?The Change of Tide in Political Cooperation: A Limited Information Model of European Integration? International Organization 48: 633-662
30. Koremenos, Barbara, Charles Lipson, and Duncan Snidal (2001) ?The Rational Design of International Institutions?, International Organization, Vol.55, 4, pp.761-799.
31. John Loughlin., Sub-national Democracy in the European Union, Oxford University Pres, Oxford: 2001, pp. 1-37
32. Peter John., Local Governance in Western Europe, Sage Publications, London: p. 1-22;25-39 ; 154-175
33.Committee of the Regions, Regional and Local Government in the European Union. Luxembourg: 2000, pp. 15-51
34. Korel Goymen., ? Local Government Reform in Turkey: From Bureaucratic Ruling Tradition to ?shy? local governance.? Electronic paper presented at the
IASIA conference, 12-16 July, 2004, Seoul. 21 pp.
35. Korel Goymen., ? Dynamics of Changes in Turkish Local Governance : Demise of theBureaucratic Ruling Tradition ? ? Society and Economy, Vol.28, No.3, 2006,
pp. 245- 266.
36. Korel Goymen., ? The Evolution of Regional Concept and Policies in Turkey?.
Paper presented at the international conference on ?Regional Governance?
15-16 October 2004, ?stanbul. 16pp.
37. K?vanc Ulusoy, ? Saving the State Again : Turks face the Challenge of European
Governance ? Sigma Project, OECD, 2006, 23 pp/
38. Ayse Asl?han Celenk, ? Europeanization and Administrative Reform : The Case of Turkey ? Mediterranean Politics, 14: 1, pp. 41-60