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Code POLS 348
Term 201402
Title Politics of Southern Europe
Faculty Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Subject Political Science(POLS)
SU Credit 3
ECTS Credit 6.00 / 6.00 ECTS (for students admitted in the 2013-14 Academic Year or following years)
Instructor(s) Ahmet Evin,
Detailed Syllabus
Language of Instruction English
Level of Course Undergraduate
Type of Course Click here to view.
(only for SU students)
SPS102 SPS101
Planned Learning Activities Case Study,Lecture,Seminar,

The European countries that lie at the Southern flanks of the continent share common political, economic, and cultural aspects that set them apart from their Western neighbors. For instance, they consolidated their democracies later and, with the exception of Italy, joined the European Community around thirty years after its creation. This course will study the politics, society, and economy of Portugal, Spain, Italy, and Greece from a comparative perspective. First, the state structure, party politics, and electoral systems of the Southern European countries will be introduced. Second, the causes, policies, and the collapse of the interwar authoritarian regimes of Salazar, Franco, Mussolini, and Metaxas will be examined. In this context, special emphasis will be given to how democracy consolidated in Southern Europe. Continuing political problems, such as Basque nationalism in Spain, the Sicilian mafia in Italy, and the Muslim minority in Greece will also be discussed. Finally, the course will conclude with the entrance of the Southern European countries to the European Community, their policies and roles within the Union, and the effects of the EU on Southern Europe.


The objectives of this course are to analyze Spain, Italy, Greece, and Portugal from a comparative perspective, introduce students to the creation and evolution of authoritarianism in these countries, and examine different democratization processes in Southern Europe.

Learning Outcome

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:

* Explain the emergence of authoritarianism and fascism in Southern Europe during the interwar years
* Define democratic consolidation
* Identify different institutional structures (such as electoral law, party politics, and bureaucracy) in Southern Europe
* Define the role of the military in regime transitions
* Describe how politics in Southern Europe was affected by European Union integration
* Conduct independent research on at least one country in Southern Europe
* Share findings from research with classmates

Programme Outcomes
1 Understand the world, their country, their society, as well as themselves and have awareness of ethical problems, social rights, values and responsibility to the self and to others.
2 Understand different disciplines from natural and social sciences to mathematics and art, and develop interdisciplinary approaches in thinking and practice.
3 Think critically, follow innovations and developments in science and technology, demonstrate personal and organizational entrepreneurship and engage in life-long learning in various subjects.
4 Communicate effectively by oral, written, graphical and technological means and have competency in English.
5 Take individual and team responsibility, function effectively and respectively as an individual and a member or a leader of a team.
1 Develop a thorough knowledge of theories, concepts, and research methods in the field and apply them in research design and data analysis.
2 Assess the impact of the economic, social, and political environment from a global, national and regional level.
3 Know how to access written and visual, primary and secondary sources of information, interpret concepts and data from a variety of sources in developing disciplinary and interdisciplinary analyses.
Recommended or Required Reading

Jose Maria Magone, The Politics of Southern Europe: Integration into the European Union (Westport: Praeger Publishers, 2003)
Richard Gunther, P.Nikiforos Diamandouros and Hans-Jurgen Puhle, eds. The Politics of Democratic Consolidation (Baltimore and London: John Hopkins University Press, 1995)
Michael Mann, Fascists (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004)
Christopher Duggan, Concise History of Italy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984)
Piero Ignazi and Colette Ysmal eds., The Organization of Political Parties in Southern Europe (Westport and London: Praeger Publishers, 1998)
Stephen Gundle and Simon Parker, The New Italian Republic: From the Fall of the Berlin Wall to Berlusconi (New York: Routledge, 1996)
Raymond Carr, Modern Spain: 1875-1980 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980)
Guillermo O'Donnell, Philippe C. Schmitter, and Laurance Whitehead, eds., Transition from Authoritarian Rule: Southern Europe (Baltimore and London: The John Hopkins University Press, 1986)
Donald Share "Two Transitions: Democratization and the Evolution of the Spanish Social Left" in West European Politics (January 1985), pp. 82-99
Thomas W. Gallant, Modern Greece (New York and London: Oxford University Pres, 2001)
Geoffrey Pridham ed., Encouraging Democracy: The International Context of Regime Transition in Southern Europe (London: Leicester University Press, 1991)
David Birmingham, Concise History of Portugal (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003)
Eric A. Nordlinger, Soldiers in Politics: Military Coups and Governments (Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1977)
Jose Maria Magone, The Developing Place of Portugal in the European Union (New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2004)
Dimitri A. Sotiropoulos, "Southern European Public Bureaucracies in Comparative Perspective," West European Politics Vol. 27, Issue 3 (May 2004): 405-422.
Diego Gambetta, The Sicilian Mafia: The Business of Private Protection (Cambridge & London: Harvard University Press)
Richard Gunther, P. Nikiforos Diamandouros, and Dimitri Sotiropoulos eds., Democracy and the State in the New Southern Europe (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006)