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Code POLS 352
Term 201701
Title Turkish Politics
Faculty Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Subject Political Science(POLS)
SU Credit 3
ECTS Credit 6.00 / 6.00 ECTS (for students admitted in the 2013-14 Academic Year or following years)
Instructor(s) Ahmet Evin aevin@sabanciuniv.edu,
Detailed Syllabus
Language of Instruction English
Level of Course Undergraduate
Type of Course Click here to view.
Prerequisites
(only for SU students)
SPS102 SPS101
Mode of Delivery Formal lecture
Planned Learning Activities Interactive,Communicative
Content

This course will focus on the problems of consolidation of democracy in Turkey. It will begin with an historical background and then delve into analyses of the structure of the parliament, political parties, the bureaucracy, the military, and the civil society.

Objective

The primary objective of the course is to enable the students to understand and analyze better the diversities and vicissitudes of political life, institutions and processes in Turkey. An equally significant aim of the course is to provide the students with the theoretical background and analytical tools to assess Turkish political development in the context of the field and discipline.

Learning Outcome

At the end of the module students will be able to:
1) Identify concepts, issues and developments in Turkish politics.
2) Identify main institutions, political forces and groups, and parties, which interact in the Turkish political system.
3) Describe the relationships between governmental agencies, branches of government, constitutional and regime characteristics of Turkish politics.
4) Criticize hypotheses which purport to explain developments in Turkish politics.
Discipline-specific skills:
5) Evaluate different interpretations in Turkish politics in the light of appropriate evidence.
6) Use the relevant literature, and follow the developments in the pertinent research areas
7) Refer to explanations, typologies and concepts in appropriate contexts while critically evaluating information

Programme Outcomes
 
Common Outcomes For All Programs
1 Understand the world, their country, their society, as well as themselves and have awareness of ethical problems, social rights, values and responsibility to the self and to others. 4
2 Understand different disciplines from natural and social sciences to mathematics and art, and develop interdisciplinary approaches in thinking and practice. 2
3 Think critically, follow innovations and developments in science and technology, demonstrate personal and organizational entrepreneurship and engage in life-long learning in various subjects. 2
4 Communicate effectively in Turkish and English by oral, written, graphical and technological means. 4
5 Take individual and team responsibility, function effectively and respectively as an individual and a member or a leader of a team; and have the skills to work effectively in multi-disciplinary teams. 1
Common Outcomes ForFaculty of Arts & Social Sci.
1 Develop a thorough knowledge of theories, concepts, and research methods in the field and apply them in research design and data analysis. 4
2 Assess the impact of the economic, social, and political environment from a global, national and regional level. 4
3 Know how to access written and visual, primary and secondary sources of information, interpret concepts and data from a variety of sources in developing disciplinary and interdisciplinary analyses. 5
Political Science Program Outcomes Required Courses
1 Understand and follow changes in patterns of political behavior, ideas and structures. 4
2 Develop the ability to make logical inferences about social and political issues on the basis of comparative and historical knowledge. 5
International Studies Program Outcomes Area Electives
1 Analyze global affairs from international relations and economics perspectives. 2
2 Demonstrate theoretical and practical knowledge of the international affairs. 2
3 Compete for increasing opportunities in careers within the newly emerging global institutions. 2
4 Evaluate the international political events and present their views and positions on international affairs with advanced oral and written skills. 1
Assessment Methods and Criteria
  Percentage (%)
Final 30
Midterm 50
Other 20
Recommended or Required Reading
Readings

Recommended Readings:
There is no single required course book for the course.
1. An Overview of the Ottoman Political Legacy
Er,ik J. Zurcher, Turkey: A Modern History, (I. B. Tauris, 2001): 11-172. (Suggested Background Reading).
Ergun Ozbudun, "Antecedents of Kemalist Secularism" in Ahmet Evin (ed.), Modern Turkey: Continuity and Change, (Opladen: Leske und Budrich, 1984).
Frank Tachau, TURKEY: The Politics of Authority, Democracy, and Development, (New York, Praeger, 1984), 13-34.
2. Political Culture: The People and Their Polity
Ilter Turan, "The Evolution of Political Culture in Turkey," in Ahmet Evin, Modern Turkey: Continuity and Change, pp. 84-112.
Frederick W. Frey, "Patterns of Elite Politics in Turkey," in G. Lenczowski (ed.) Political Elites in the Middle East, pp. 41-82.
Ersin Kalaycioglu, "Political Culture and Regime Stability: The Case of Turkey," Bogazici University, Journal of Economic and Administraitve Studies, vol. 2, no. 2, (Summer 1988): pp. 149-79.
Yilmaz Esmer, Devrim, Evrim, Statuko: Turkiye de Sosyal, Siyasal ve Ekonomik Degerler, (Istanbul: TESEV, 1999), passim.
3. Political Institutions
Ersin Kalaycioglu, "Constitutional Viability and Political Institutions in Turkish Democracy" in Abdo I. Baaklini and Helen Desfosses, (eds.) Designs for Democratic Stability: Studies in Viable Constitutionalism, (Armonk, New York, London, England: M. E. Sharpe, 1997), pp.179-210.
Metin Heper, State Tradition in Turkey, (Walkington, UK: The Eothen Pres, 1985): 48-66 (Chapter 3).
Ergun Ozbudun, Contemporary Turkish Politics: Challenges to Democratic Consolidation, (Boulder, London: Lynne Reinner, 2000), pp. 49-71.
3. 1. The Legislative System
Ersin Kalaycioglu, "Cyclical Breakdown, Redesign, and Nascent Institutionalization: the Turkish Grand National Assembly," in Ulrike Liebert, and Maurizio Cotta (eds.) Parliament and Democratic Consolidation in Southern Europe, (London, New York: Francis Pinter, 1990), pp.184-222.
Ersin Kalaycioglu, "The Turkish Grand National Assembly: A Brief Inquiry into the Politics of Representation in Turkey" in Cigdem Balim et. al. (eds.) Turkey: Political, Social and Economic Challenges in the 1990s. (Leiden, New York, Koln: E.J. Brill, 1995), pp. 42-60.
Ersin Kalaycioglu, "Turkiye de Siyasal Sistemin Evrimi ve Yasama Sistemi" Bilanco 1923-1998: Turkiye Cumhuriyeti nin 75 yilina Toplu Bakis" Uluslararasi Kongresi, Cilt I, 1999, pp. 95-110.
Suggested Readings:
Marvin Weinbaum, "Classification and Change in Legislative Systems: With Particular Application to Iran, Turkey, and Afghanistan," in . R. Boynton, and Chong L. Kim (eds.) Legislative Systems in Developing Countries, (Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1975), pp. 31-68.
Ahmet Naki Yucekok, Turkiye de Parlamento nun Evrimi, (Ankara: Ankara Universitesi Yay?n?, 1983) pp.157-188.
Chong L. Kim et. al., The Legislative Connection: The Politics of Representation in Kenya, Korea, and Turkey, (Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1984), pp. 87-115.
3. 2. Executive and the Bureaucracy
Metin Heper, "Bureaucrats, Politicians and Officiers in Turkey," in Ahmet Evin (ed.), Modern Turkey, pp. 64-83.
Ergun Ozbudun, Contemporary Turkish Politics: Challenges to Democratic Consolidation, (Boulder, London: Lynne Reinner, 2000), 105-23.
Metin Heper, "State, Democracy and Bureaucracy in Turkey, in Metin Heper (ed.), The State and Public Bureaucracies: A Comparative Perspective (New York: Greenwood Press, 1987): 131-145.
Kemal H. Karpat, "Military Interventions: Army-Civilian Relations in Turkey Before and After 1980," in M. Heper and A. Evin (eds.) State, Democracy and the Military in Turkey in the 1980s, (Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1988), pp. 137-58.
William Hale, "Transition to Civilian Governments in Turkey: The Military Perspective" in M. Heper and A. Evin (eds.) State, Democracy and the Military in Turkey in the 1980s, (Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1988), pp. 159-75.
George Harris, "The Role of the Military in Turkey in the 1980s: Guardians or Decision-Makers?" in M. Heper and A. Evin (eds.) State, Democracy and the Military in Turkey in the 1980s, (Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1988), pp. 177-200.
Suggested Readings:
Umit Cizre-Sakallioglu, AP-Ordu Iliskileri: Bir Ikilemin Anatomisi, (Istanbul: Iletisim Yayinlari, 1993), passim.
William Hale, Turkish Politics and the Military, (London: Routledge, 1994), passim.
3.3. Elections and Voting Behavior
Ustun Erguder and Richard Hofferbert, "The 1983 General Elections in Turkey" in Metin Heper and Ahmet Evin (eds.) State, Democracy and the Military: Turkey in the 1980s (Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1988): Chap. 7.
Ersin Kalaycioglu, "Elections and Party Preferences in Turkey: Changes and Continuities in the 1990s" Comparative Political Studies, 27, (October 1994): 402-424.
Yilmaz Esmer, "Parties and the Electorate: A Comparative Analysis of Voter Profiles of Turkish Political Parties," in Cigdem Balim et. al. (eds.) Turkey: Political, Social and Economic Challenges in the 1990s. (Leiden, New York, Koln: E. J. Brill, 1995): Chap. 5
Ersin Kalaycioglu, "The Shaping of Party Preferences in Turkey: Coping with the Post-Cold War Era" New Perspectives on Turkey, (Spring 1999), 20: 47-76.
Suggested Readings:
Ustun Erguder, (1980-81) "Changing Patterns of Electoral Politics in Turkey" Bogazici Universitesi Dergisi (Sosyal Bilimler) , vol. 8-9: 45-69.
Murat Sertel and Ersin Kalaycioglu, Turkiye icin Yeni bir Secim Tasarimina Dogru, (Istanbul: TUSIAD Yayinlari, Mayis 1995): passim.
3.4. Political Parties and the Party System in Turkey:
Ersin Onulduran, Political Development and Political Parties in Turkey, (Ankara: Ankara Universitesi, Siyasal Bilgiler Fakultesi, 1974): passim.
Metin Heper and Jacob M. Landau (eds.) Political Parties and Democracy in Turkey. (London: I. B. Tauris, 1990): passim.
William Hale, "Democracy and the Party System in Turkey," in in Brian W. Beeley (ed.) Turkish Transformation: New Century - New Challenges, (Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, England: The Eothen Press, 2002): 165 - 197.
Suggested Readings:
Tarik Z. Tunaya, Turkiye'de Siyasal Partiler I, (Istanbul: Hurriyet Yayinlari, 1984): passim.
Tarik Z. Tunaya, Op. cit. II, (Istanbul: Hurriyet Yayinlari, 1986): passim.
Tarik Z. Tunaya, Op. cit. III, (Istanbul: Hurriyet Yayinlari, 1989): passim.
4. Interest Groups and Civil Society
Robert Bianchi, Interest Groups and Political Developmet in Turkey, (Princeton,New Jersey, Princeton Univ. Press, 1984), chaps. 5-7.
M. Heper, "Interest Group Politics in post-1980 Turkey: Lingering Monism," in Metin Heper (ed.) Strong State and Economic Interest Groups, (Berlin, New York, Walter de Gruyter, 1991), 163-76.
Ergun Ozbudun, Contemporary Turkish Politics: Challenges to Democratic Consolidation, (Boulder, London: Lynne Reinner, 2000), Chap. 6.
Ersin Kalaycioglu, "Civil Society in Turkey: Continuity or Change?", in Brian W. Beeley (ed.) Turkish Transformation: New Century - New Challenges, (Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, England: The Eothen Press, 2002): 59-78.
Ersin Kalaycioglu , "State and Civil Society in Turkey: Democracy, Development and Protest" in Amyn B. Sajoo (ed.), Civil Society in the Muslim World: Contemporary Perspectives, (London, New York: I. B. Tauris, 2002): 247-272.
5. Political Economy
Rustu Saracoglu, "Liberalization of the Economy" in Metin Heper (ed.) Politics in the Third Turkish Republic, (Boulder, San Francisco, Oxford: Westview Press, 1994), pp. 63-75.
Selim Ilkin, "Privatization of the State Economic Enterprises" in Metin Heper (ed.) Politics in the Third Turkish Republic, (Boulder, San Francisco, Oxford: Westview Press, 1994), pp. 77-86
Bilsay Kuruc, "Economic Growth and Political Stability", in Metin Heper (ed.) Politics in the Third Turkish Republic, (Boulder, San Francisco, Oxford: Westview Press, 1994), pp. 135-46.
Mina Toksoz, "The Economy: Achievements and Prospects", in Brian W. Beeley (ed.) Turkish Transformation: New Century - New Challenges, (Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, England: The Eothen Press, 2002): 141-164.
6. Social Mobilization and Political Participation
Ergun Ozbudun, Social Change and Political Participation in Turkey, (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1976), pp. 60-96, and pp. 118-151.
Sabri Sayari, "Some Notes on the Beginnings of Mass Political Participation in Turkey," in Engin D. Akarli with Gabriel Ben-Dor (eds.) Political Participation in Turkey: Historical Background and Present Problems, (Bebek, Istanbul: Bogazici University Pub., 1975), pp. 121-133
Ersin Kalaycioglu, "Unconventional Political Participation in Turkey and Europe: Comparative Perspectives" in Facolta di Scienza Politiche dell'Universita di Pavia (ed.) Italy and Turkey: Further Insights in Comparative Points of View, (Pavia: Italy, 1997): 51-70.
Suggested readings:
Ersin Kalaycioglu, "Turkiye de Siyasal Katilma ve Degisim," Tarih Vakfi, 75 Yilda Tebaa dan Yurttas a Dogru, (Istanbul, Tarih Vakfi Yayinlari, 1998) icinde 233-40.
Ersin Kalaycioglu, "Turkiye de Halkin Siyasal Hayata Katilimi ve Yonetim Mekanizmalari," Suna Kili ye Armagan, (Istanbul: Bogazici Universitesi Yayinlari, 1998), icinde 191-202.